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(11) Patent Number: KE 62

(45) Date of grant: 13/05/2005

(12) PATENT
 
(51) Int.C1.4: C I ID 1/831, 1/84

(21) Application Number: 1993/ 000092

(22) Filing Date: 25/05/1993

(30) Priority data: 7/893138 03/06/1992 US
 
(73) Owner: Colgate - Palmolive Company of 300 PARK AVENUE, NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10022, U.S.A.

(72) Inventor: STEPHEN T. REPINE JR.; RITA ERILLI and GILBERT S. GOMES

(74) Agent/address for correspondence: Kaplan & Stratton Advocates, P.O. Box 40111-00100, Nairobi
 
(54) Title: HIGH FOAMING NONIONIC SURFACTANT BASED LIQUID DETERGENT.

(57) Abstract
A high foaming, nonionic surfactant based, light duty, liquid with desirable cleansing properties and mildness to the human skin comprising three essential surfactant: a water soluble nonionic surfactant as a major active ingredient, in an amount in excess of 50% by weight of the total surfactant content; a supplemental amount of a water soluble, foaming, anionic surfactant excluding the ethoxylated alkyl ether sulfates; and a lesser amount of a water soluble, foaming zwitterionic betaine surfactant.
 
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to novel light duty liquid detergent compositions with high foaming properties, containing a nonionic surfactant as the major active ingredient supplemented with lesser amounts of a specific group of anionic surfactants and even smaller amounts of a Zwitterionic betaine surfactant in an aqueous medium.

Nonionic surfactants are in general chemically inert and stable toward pH change and are therefore well suited for mixing and formulation with other materials. The superior performance of nonionic surfactants on the removal of oily soil is well recognized. Nonionic surfactants are also known to be mild to human skin. However as a class nonionic surfactants are known to be low or moderate foamers. Consequently, for detergents which require copious and stable foam, the application of nonionic surfactants is limited. There have been substantial interest and efforts to develop a high foaming detergent with nonionic surfactants as the major ingredient. Yet, little has been achieved.

The prior art is replete with light duty liquid detergent compositions containing nonionic surfactants in combination with anionic and/or betaine surfactants wherein the nonionic detergent is not the major active surfactant, as shown in U.S. Patent No. 3,658,985 wherein an anionic based shampoo contains a minor amount of a fatty acid alkanolamide. U.S. Patent No. 3,769,398 discic s a betaine-based shampoo containing minor amounts of nonionic surfactants. This patent states that the low foaming properties of nonionic detergents renders its use in shampoo compositions non-preferred. U.S. Patent No. 4,329,335 also discloses a shampoo containing a betaine surfactant as the major ingredient and minor amounts of a nonionic surfactant and of a fatty acid mono- or diethanolamide. U.S. Patent No. 4,259,204 discloses a shampoo comprising 0.8-20% by weight of an anionic phosphoric acid ester and one additional surfactant which may be anionic, amphoteric, or nonionic. U.S. Patent No. 4,329,334 discloses an anionic-amphoteric based shampoo containing a major amount of anionic surfactant and lesser amounts of a betaine and nonionic surfactants.

U.S. Patent No. 3,935,129 discloses a liquid cleaning composition based on the alkali metal silicate content and containing five basic ingredients, namely, urea, glycerin, triethanolamine, an anionic detergent and a nonionic detergent. The silicate content determines the amount of anionic and/or nonionic detergent in the liquid cleaning composition. However, the foaming property of these detergent compositions is not discussed therein.

U.S. Patent No. 4,129,515 discloses a heavy duty liquid detergent for laundering fabrics comprising a mixture of substantially equal amounts of anionic and nonionic surfactants alkanolamines and magnesium salts, and, optionally, zwitterionic surfactants as suds modifiers.
 
U.S. Patent o. 4,224,195 discloses an queous detergent composition for laundering socks or stockings comprising a specific group of nonionic detergents, namely, an ethylene oxide of a secondary alcohol, a specific group of anionic detergents, namely, a sulfuric ester salt of an ethylene oxide adduct of a secondary alcohol, and an amphoteric surfactant which may be a betaine, wherein either the anionic or nonionic surfactant may be the major ingredient. The specific class of anionics utilized in this patent is the very same group of anionic detergents expressly excluded in present invention in order to eliminate the alkanol ethoxylate sulfation process and the potential dioxane toxicity problem. Furthermore, this patent finds heavily foaming detergents undesirable for the purpose of washing socks.

The prior art also discloses detergent compositions containing all nonionic surfactants as shown in U.S. Patent Nos. 4;154,706 and 4,329,336 wherein the shampoo compositions contain a plurality of particular nonionic surfactants in order to effect desirable foaming and detersive properties despite the fact that nonionic surfactants are usually deficient in such properties.

U.S. Patent No. 4,013,787 discloses a piperazine based polymer in conditioning and shampoo compositions which may contain all nonionic surfactant or all anionic surfactant. 

U.S. Patent No. 4,450,091 discloses high viscosity shampoo compositions containing a blend of an amphoteric betaine surfactant, a polyoxybutylenepolyoxyethylene nonionic detergent, an anionic surfactant a fatty acid alkanolamide and a polyoxyalk glycol fatty ester, none of the
exemplified compositions contains an active ingredient mixture wherein the nonionic detergent is present in major proportion, probably due to the low foaming properties of the Polyoxybutylene polyoxyethylene nonionic detergent.


U.S. Patent No. 4,595,526 describes a composition comprising a nonionic surfactant, a betaine surfactant, an anionic surfactant and a C12-C14 fatty acid monethanolamide foam stabilizer.

However, none of the above-cited patents discloses a high foaming, nonionic based, liquid detergent composition containing a nonionic surfactant as a major active ingredient and minor amounts of a supplementary high foaming anionic sulfate or sulfonate surfactant excluding ethoxylated alcohol ether sulfates, a supplementary foaming zwitterionic surfactant selected from betaine type surfactants as the three essential ingredients, wherein the nonionic ingredient constitutes more than 50% of the total surfactant content and the composition does not contain any amine oxide, amide type compound.

SUMMARY OP THE INVENTION

It has now been found that a high foaming liquid detergent can be formulated with a nonionic surfactant as the major active ingredient which has desirable cleaning properties, mildness to the human skin and avoids the dioxane toxicity problem associated with the sulfation process of manufacturing anionic ethoxylated alcohol ether sulfates.
 
Accordingly one object of the invention is to provide novel, high foaming, nonionic based, light duty liquid detergent compositions containing a nonionic ionic surfactant at a concentration of at least 50% of the total surfactant content.

Another object of this invention is to provide novel, nonionic based, liquid detergent compositions containing a major amount of nonionic surfactant supplemented with lesser amounts of an anionic surfactant, and a zwitterionic betaine surfactant wherein the composition does not contain amine oxide, a fatty acid alkanolamide foam stabilizer.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a novel, nonionic based, liquid detergent with desirable high foaming and cleaning properties which is mild to the human skin.

A further object of this invention is to provide a novel, nonionic based liquid detergent containing a supplemental anionic surfactant excluding the ethoxylated alkyl ether sulfates which eliminates the alkanol ethoxylate sulfation process and the potential dioxane toxicity problem.
Additional objects, advantages and novel features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows, and in part will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned by practice of the invention. The objects and advantages of the invention may be realized and attained by means of the instrumentalities and combinations particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
To achieve foregoing and other objects and in accordance with the purpose of the present invention, as embodied and broadly described herein the novel, high foaming, nonionic based, light duty liquid detergent of this invention  Comprises three essential surfactants a water soluble,
ethoxylated, nonionic surfactant as the major active ingredient in an amount exceeding 50% by weight of the total surfactant content; a supplemental amount of a foaming anionic surfactant selected from the group consisting of water soluble organic sulfates and organic sulfonates, excluding the ethoxylated alkyl ether sulfates; a lesser amount of a foaming water soluble, and a zwitterionic surfactant selected from the class of betaines dissolved in an aqueous vehicle, wherein the composition does not contain any amine oxide, amide or alkanolamide ingredients.


More specifically, the present invention relates to a high foaming, nonionic based, liquid detergent containing more than 50% by weight of the total surfactant content of a nonionic surfactant selected from the group consisting of water soluble primary aliphatic alcohol ethoxylates secondary aliphatic alcohol ethoxylates, alkyl phenol ethoxylates and alcohol ethylene oxide propylene oxide condensates; and supplementary amounts of an anionic surfactant selected from the group consisting of water soluble salts of C8-C18, alkyl sulfates, C8-C16 benzene sulfonates, C10-C20 paraffin sulfonates, alpha C10-C14 olefin sulfonates, C8-C18 alkyl sulfosuccinate esters, C8-C18 alkyl sulfosuccinate esters, C8-C18 acyl  isethionates and C8-C18 acyl taurates; and a water soluble zwitterionic betaine surfactant; the total content of said supplementary surfactants, constituting less that 504 by weight of the total surfactant content, dissolved in an aqueous vehicle.

This particular combination of three ingredients in the proportions, by weight, of more than 50% of the nonionic surfactant of the total surfactant content and 15 to 48% of the sum of anionic surfactant and betaine surfactant, is critical to the high foaming and desirable cleansing properties of present liquid detergent and the retention of the mildness to the skin property. The total amount of surfactants may constitute about 101-55t, preferably about 201-40%, most preferably 251-35%, by weight of the liquid composition.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The nonionic surfactant which constitutes the major ingredient in present liquid detergent is present in amounts of about 10-30%, preferably 13-25%, most preferably 16-22%, by weight of the composition and provides superior performance in the removal of oily soil and mildness to human skin.

The water soluble nonionic surfactants utilized in this invention are commercially well known and include the primary aliphatic alcohol ethoxylates, secondary aliphatic alcohol ethoxylates, alkylphenol ethoxylates and ethylene-oxide propylene oxide condensates on primary alkanols, such a plurafacs (BASF) and condensates of ethylene Oxide with sorbitan fatty acid esters such as the Tweens (ICI). The nonionic synthetic organic detergents generally are the condensation products of an organic aliphatic or alkyl aromatic hydroph is compound and hydrophil ethylene oxide groups. Practically any hydrophobic compound having a carboxy, hydroxy, amido, or amino group with a free hydrogen attached to the nitrogen can be condensed with ethylene oxide with the polyhydration product thereof, polyethylene glycol, to form a water-soluble nonionic detergent. Further, the length of the polyethenoxy chain can be adjusted to achieve the desired balance between the hydrophobic and hydrophilic elements.

The nonionic detergent class includes the condensation products of a higher alcohol (e.g., an alkanol containing about 8 to 18 carbon atoms in a straight or branched chain configuration) condensed with about 5 to 30 moles of ethylene oxide, for example, laurylmyristyl alcohol condensed with about 16 moles of ethylene oxide (EO), tridecanol condensed with about 6 to moles of 50, myristyl alcohol condensed with about 10 moles of EO per mole of myristyl alcohol, the condensation product of BO with a hear-cut of coconut fatty alcohol containing a mixture of fatty alcohols with alkyl chains varying from 10 to about 14 carbon atoms in length and wherein the condensate contains either about 6 moles of BO per mole of total alcohol or about 9 moles of BO per mole of alcohol and tallow alcohol ethoxylates containing 6 50 to 11 BO per mole of alcohol

A preferred group of the foregoing nonionic surfactants are the Neodol ethoxylates (Shell Co.), which are higher aliphatic, primary alcohol containing about 9-15 carbon atoms, such as C9-C1l alkanol condensed with 8 moles of ethylene oxide (Neodol 91-8), C  alkanol condensed with 6 moles ethylene oxide (Neoldol 23-6.5),  C12-15  alkanol condensed with 12 moles ethylene oxide (Neodol 12-25), C14-15 alkanol condensed with 13 moles ethylene oxide (Neodol 45-13), and the like. Such ethoxamers have an HLB (hydrophobic lipophilic balance) value of about 8-15 and give good/W emulsification, whereas ethoxamers with HLB values below 8 contain less than 5 ethyleneoxy groups and tend to be poor emulsifiers and poor detergents.

Additional satisfactory water soluble alcohol ethylene oxide condensates are the condensation products of a secondary aliphatic alcohol containing 8 to 18 carbon atoms in a straight or branched chain configuration condensed with 5 to 30 moles of ethylene oxide. Examples of commercially available nonionic detergents of the foregoing type are Cu-C15 secondary alkanol condensed with either 9 BO (Tergitol 15-8-9) or 12 80 (Tergitol 15-8-12) marketed by Union Carbide.

Other suitable nonionic detergents include the polyethylene oxide condensates of one mole of alkyl phenol containing from about 8 to 18 carbon atoms in a straight- or branched chain alkyl group with about 5 to 30 moles of ethylene oxide. Specific examples of alkyl phenol ethoxylates include nonyl condensed with about 9.5 moles of HO per mole of nonyl phenol, dinonyl phenol condensed with about 12 moles of HO per mole of phenol, dinonyl phenol condensed with about15 moles of HO per mole of phenol and di-isoctylphenol condensed with about 15 moles of HO per mole of phenol. Commercially available nonior surfactants of this type include Igepal CO-630 (nonyl phenol ethoxylate) marketed by GAF Corporation.

Also among the satisfactory nonionic detergents are the water-soluble condensation products of a C8,-C20 alkanol with a heteric mixture of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide wherein the weight ratio of ethylene oxide to propylene oxide is from 2.5:1 to 4:1, preferably 2.8:1-3.3:1, with the total of the ethylene oxide and propylene oxide (including the terminal ethanol or propanol group) being from 60-85%, preferably 70-80%, by weight. Such detergents are commercially available from BASF-Wyandotte and a particularly preferred detergent is a alkanol condensate with ethylene oxide and propylene oxide, the weight ratio of ethylene oxide to propylene oxide being 3:1 and the total alkoxy content being about 75% by weight.

Condensates of 2 to 30 moles of ethylene oxide with sorbitan mono- and tri-C.-Cm alkanoic acid esters having a HLB of 8 to 15 also may be employed as the nonionic detergent ingredient in the described shampoo. These surfactants are well known and are available from Imperial Chemical Industries under the Tween trade name. Suitable surfactants include polyoxyethylene (4) sorbitan monolaurate, polyoxyethylene (4) sorbitan monostearate, polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan trioleate and polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan tristearate.

Other suitable water-soluble nonionic detergents which are less preferred are marketed under the trade name .Pluronics." The compounds are formed by condensing ethylene oxide with a hydrophobic base formed by the condensation of propylene oxide propylene glycol. The molecular weight of the hydrophobic portion of the molecule is of the order of 950 to 4000 and preferably 200 to 2,500. The addition of polyoxyethylene radicals to the hydrophobic portion tends to increase the solubility of the molecule as a whole so as to make the surfactant water-soluble. The molecular weight of the block polymers varies from 1,000 to 15,000 and the polyethylene oxide content may comprise 20% to 80% by weight. Preferably, these surfactants will be in liquid form and satisfactory surfactants are available as grades L 62 and L
64.

The anionic surfactant, which is an essential ingredient of present liquid detergent composition, constitutes about 1 to 10%, preferably 2-9%, most preferably 3-8%, by weight thereof and provides good foaming properties. However,  preferably reduced amounts are utilized in order to enhance the mildness of the skin property desired in the inventive compositions, and thus, the weight ratio of nonionic detergent to anionic should exceed about 3:1. In addition, the particular group of anionic surfactants utilized excludes the C8-C18 alkyl polyethenoxy ether sulfate surfactants in order to avoid the dioxane toxicity associated with the process of sulfation of ethoxylated alcohols. Thus, the ethoxylated alcohol ether sulfates are expressly excluded from the specific group of anionic surfactants utilized.

The anionic surfactants which may be used in the nonionic based liquid detergent of this invention are water soluble such as triethanolamine and include the sodium, potassium ammonium and ethyl ammonium salts of C8-C18 sulfates such as lauryl sulfate, myristyl sulfate and the like; linear C8-C16 alkyl benzene sulfonates; C10-C20 paraffin sulfonates; alpha olefin sulfonates containing about 10-24 carbon atoms; C8-C18  alkyl sulfosuccinate alkyl sulfosuccinate esters; Cs-C;: acyl isethionates; and c,c-18 acyl taurates. Preferred anionic surfactants are the water soluble Cu-C,,, alkyl sulfates, the alkylbenzene sulfonates, the C,,-CE, paraffin sulfonates and the alpha C,2-Cu olefin sulfonates.

The water-soluble zwitterionic surfactant, which is also an essential ingredient of present liquid detergent composition, constitutes about 0.5-10%, preferably 2-9%, most preferably 7-8%, by weight and provides good foaming properties and mildness to the present nonionic based liquid detergent. The zwitterionic surfactant is a water soluble betaine having the general formula:


                                                   R2
                                           R1 - N - R4 - coo-
                                                  R3


wherein R1, is an alkyl group having 10 to about 20 carbon atoms, preferably 12 to 16 carbon atoms, or the amide radical:

                                    0    H


                               R -C - N- (CH2)n


wherein R is an alkyl group having about 9 to 19 carbon atoms and a is the integer 1 to 4; R, and R3 are each alkyl groups having 1 to 3 carbons and preferably 1 carbon; R4 is an - alkylene or hydroxyalkylene group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms and, optic  one hydroxyl group logical
alkyldimethyl betaines include decyl dimethyl betaine or 2-(N-decyl-N, N-dimethyl-ammonia) acetate, coco dimethyl betaine or 2-(N-coco N, N-dimethylammonio) acetate, myristyl dimethyl
betaine, palmityl dimethyl betaine, lauryl diemthyl betaine, cetyl dimethyl betaine, stearyl dimethyl betaine, etc. The amidobetaines similarly include cocoamidoethylbetaine, cocoamidopropyl betaine and the like. A preferred betaine is cocoamidopropyl dimethyl betaine.

All of the aforesaid three ingredients in this light duty liquid detergent are water soluble or water dispersible and remain so during storage.

This particular combination of anionic surfactant and betaine surfactant provides a detergent system which coacts with the nonionic surfactant to product a liquid detergent composition with desirable foaming, foam stability, detersive properties and mildness to human skin. Surprisingly, the resultant homogeneous liquid detergent exhibits the same or better foam performance, both as to initial foam volume and stability of foam in the presence of soils, and cleaning efficacy as an anionic based light duty liquid detergent (LDLD) as shown in the following Examples.

The essential ingredients discussed above are solubilized in aqueous medium comprising water and optionally, solubilizing ingredients such as mono and di-hydroxy alkanols, e.g., ethanol, isopropanol and propylene glycol. Suitable water soluble hydrotropic salts include sodium,_ potassium, ammonium and mono-, di- and triethanolammonium salts. While aqueous medium is primarily water, preferably said solubilizing agents are included in order to control the viscosity of the liquid composition and to control low temperature cloud clear properties. Usually, it is desirable to maintain clarity to a temperature in the range of 5 to 10°C. Therefore, the proportion of solubilizer generally will be from about 1-15%, preferably 2-12%, most preferably 3-8%, by weight of the detergent composition with the proportion of ethanol, when present, being 5% of weight or less in order to provide a composition having a flash point above about 46°C. Preferably the solubilizing ingredient will be a mixture of ethanol and either sodium xylene sulfonate or sodium cumene sulfonate or a mixture of said sulfonates.
The foregoing solubilizing ingredients also facilitate the manufacture of the inventive compositions because they tend to inhibit gel formation.

In addition to the previously mentioned essential and optional constituents of the light duty liquid detergent, one may also employ normal and conventional adjuvants, provided they do not adversely affect the properties of the detergent. Thus, there may be used various coloring agents and perfumes; ultraviolet light absorbers such as the Uvinuls, which are
products of GAF Corporation; sequestering agents such as ethylene diamine tetraacetates; magnesium sulfate heptahydrate; pearlescing agents and opacifiers; pH modifiers;
etc. The proportion of such adjuvant materials, in total will normally not exceed 15% of weight of the detergent composition, and the percentages of most of such individual components will    a maximum of 5% by weigh and preferably less than about 2% by weight. Sodium formate can be included in the formula as a perservative at a concentration of 0.1 to 40%. Sodium bisulfite can be used as a color stabilizer at a concentration of about 0.01 to 0.2 wt%.

The present nonionic based light duty liquid detergents such as dishwashing liquids are readily made by simple mixing methods from readily available components which, on storage, do not adversely affect the entire composition. However, it is preferred that the nonionic surfactant be mixed with the solubilizing ingredients, e.g., ethanol and, if present, prior to the addition of the water to prevent possible gelation. The nonionic based surfactant system is prepared by
sequentially adding with agitation the anionic surfactant and the betaine to the non-ionic surfactant which has been previously mixed with a solubilizing agent such as ethyl alcohol and/or sodium xylene sulfonate to assist in solubilizing said surfactants, and then adding with agitation the formula amount of water to form an aqueous solution of the nonionic based surfactant system. The use of mild heating (up to 100T.) assists in the solubilization of the surfactants. The viscosities are adjustable by changing the total percentage of active ingredients. Usually, no thickening agent is added, but thickeners may be added if higher viscosity liquids are desired. In all such cases the product made will be pourable from a relatively narrow mouth bottle (1.5 cm. diameter) or opening, and the viscosity of the detergent formulation will not be so low as to be like water.
 
The viscosity of the detergent desirably will be at least 100 centipoises (cps) at room temperature, but may be up to about 1,000 centipoises as measured with a Brookfield Viscometer using a number 3 spindle rotating at 12 rpm. Its viscosity may approximate those of commercially acceptable detergents now on the market. The detergent viscosity and the detergent itself remain stable on storage for lengthy periods of time, without color changes or settling out of any insoluble materials. The pH of this formation is substantially neutral to skin, e.g., about 4.5 to 8 and preferably about 5.5.

These products have unexpectedly desirably properties. For example, the foam quality and detersive property is equal to or better than standard light duty liquid detergents while using a nonionic surfactant as the primary surfactant and minimal amounts of anionic surfactant, thereby achieving a mild, non-irritating liquid detergent.

The following examples are merely illustrative of the invention and are not to be construed as limiting thereof.
                                                                     EXAMPLE1

                                                    A                 B                C                D
Neodol 1-9                                 19                19               15               19
Ammonium lauryl Sulfate         6                  8                10                6
Coco
Amidopropyl Betaine                5                  7                9                  9
Monoethanol amide                  2                  0                0                  0
Diethanol amide                        2                  0                 0                  0   
Magnesium Sulfate                   3.0               3.0              3.0               3.0
Sodium Formate                       2.0                               0                   0
ADTA                                      0.083          0.1               0.1               0.1
Sodium Bisulfite                      0.05           0.05              0.05             0.05
Perfume                                    0.2             0.2                 0.2               0.2
Water                                       Balance      Balance         Balance      Balance
Shell Foam Test %

FPR vs. POL                           108               126                150              132



Relative values to Commercial Palmolive Band Dish which is 25    rated at 100 

 
EXAMPLE 1 (Continued)

                                                            E             F           G             H           I

Neodol 1-9                                         15            19         21            23           25
Ammonium lauryl - Sulfate               10             3          10            6             5
Coco
Amidopropyl Betaine                         9               12          3              5             4
Monoethanol amide                           0               0            0              0             0
Diethanol amide                                 0               0            0              0             0
Magnesium Sulfate                            3               3             3                          3
Sodium Formate                                0               0                          0             0
EDTA                                                0.1            0.1          0.1           0.1          0.1
Sodium Bisulfite                               0.05          0.05        0.05         0.05        0.05
Perfume                                             0.2            0.2          0.2           0.2          0.2
Water                                                 Bal.         Bal.          Bal          Bal         Bal
Shell Foam Test % FPR vs. POL     150          113           109          94          86



                                                             EXAMPLE 2
Formula A of Example 1 (composition of U. S. Patent 4,595,526) and Formula B were compared in a Hand Dish Wash test. The test was run with both Ragu Spaghetti Sauce and Shell Soil. The results show that dish washing performance between the U. S. formula and the European formula is similar. The test was run blind with each trial consisting of three runs of each product and was done in both 300 and 150 ppm water hardness.

 

Results of Formula A versus U. S.    using Ragu

Trial    Sample      #Plates (300ppm)    #Plates(150ppm)

 1         A              29                              27
            B              23                              27

 2         A             31                              26
            B             26                              27  

  3       A             31                               28
           B             29                               27

 Average               
        A             30.3                               27
        B             26                                  27


 Results of formula A versus B using Sh 1 Soil

Trial                   Sample           #Plates (300ppm)            #Plates (150ppm)

1                         A                     14                                     14
                           B                     13                                     13

2                        A                     14                                     14
                          B                     13                                     12

3                        A                     14                                     13
                          B                     13                                     12
                   
 Average               
                         A                     14                                      13.7
                         B                     13                                      12.3


                   

 
WHAT IS CLAIMED
1. A high foaming, nonionic surfactant-based, light duty, liquid detergent comprising approximately, by weight, (a) 10% to 30% of a water soluble nonionic surfactant selected
from the group consisting of primary and secondary C8-C18 alkanol condensates with to 30 moles of ethylene oxide, condensates of C8-C18 alkylphenol with 5 to 30 moles of ethylene
oxide, condensates of    alkanol with a heteric mixture of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide having a weight ratio of ethylene oxide to propylene oxide from 2.5:1 to 4:1 and a total alkylene oxide content of 60% to 85% by weight and condensates of 2 to 30 moles of ethylene oxide with sorbitan mono and tri- C10-C20 alkanoic acid esters having an HIM of 8 to 15;

(b) a to 10% of a water-soluble anionic detergent selected from the group consisting of C8-C18 alkyl sulfates, C8-C16, alkylbenzene sulfonates, C10-C20  paraffin sulfonates, C10-C24 alpha olefin sulfonates and C8-C18 alkyl sulfosuccinate esters, C8-C18 acyl isethionates and C8-C18 acyl taurates; and

(c) 0.5% to 10% of a water-soluble betaine; and

(d) balance being water as an aqueous medium in which said nonionic surfactant, said anionic detergent and said betaine are solubilized in said water, wherein the sum of C and B being from 15% to 48% by weight of the composition of the total surfactant content, said nonionic surfactant being in excess of 50 by weight of the total surfactant content and said composition wing free of anionic alley' ether polyethenoxy sulfate detergent, amides, and alkanolamides.

2. A liquid detergent composition according to claim 1 which includes, in addition, 1% to 154 by weight of a solubilizing agent selected from the group consisting of C2-C3 mono- and di-hydroxy alkanols, water soluble salts of C1-C3 substituted benzene sulfonate hydrotropes and mixtures thereof.

3. A liquid detergent composition according to claim 2 wherein ethanol is present in the amount of 5% by weight or less.

4. A liquid detergent composition according to claim 2 wherein said nonionic surfactant is said condensate of a primary C8-C18 alkanol with 5-30 moles of ethylene oxide.

5. A liquid detergent composition according to claim 4 wherein said anionic detergent is selected from the group consisting of C12-C16 alkyl sulfates, C10-C15 alkylbenzene sulfonates, C13-C17 paraffin sulfonates and C12-C18 alpha olefin sulfonates.

6. A liquid detergent composition according to claim 1 wherein said nonionic surfactant is present in an amount of 16 to 22% by weight, said anionic detergent is present in an amount of 2 to 9% by weight and said betaine is present in an amount of 2 to 9% by weight.

7. A liquid detergent composition according to claim 6 wherein said anionic detergent is a C12-C16 alkyl sulfate.

8. A liquid detergent composition according to Claim 1 further including a perservative.
 
9. A liquid detergent composition according to Claim 1 further including a color stabilizer.

10. A method of preparing the liquid detergent of claim 2 which comprises the steps of first mixing said nonionic surfactant with the solubilizing agent, sequentially adding with agitation said anionic surfactant and said betaine and lastly adding with agitation, the formula amount of water to form an aqueous solution of the nonionic based surfactant composition.

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