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(11) Patent Nnmber: KE 461   
               
(45) Date of grant: 09/08/2011   
       
(73) Owner:Bayer CropScience  Aktiengesellschaft of Alfred-Nobel-    Str. 50, 40789 Monheim, Germany                   
               
(2l)Application Number:    KElP/ 2003/ 000299   

(22)    Filing Date:    06/10/2003   

(72) Inventors:    ANDERSCH, Wolfram of Schlodderdicher Weg 77,51469 Bergisch Gladbach, Germany; FISCHER, RUdiger    of Zu den Fussfallen 23, 50259 Pulheim, Germany; KONZE, Jorg  of Magazinstr. 61, 51147 Koln, Germany    and STUBLER, Dietrich  ofDistelweg 37, 40789 Monheim, Germany   

(30)    Priority data:    10248257.8  16/10/2002  DE                       

(74) Agent/address for correspondence: Kaplan & Stratton Advocates, P.O. Box 40111-00100,Nairobi

(86)    PCT data PCT/EP03/0 11022    06/10/2003            wo 2004/034786    29/04/2004       
                   
(54) Title: ACTIVE SUBSTANCE COMBINATIONS HAVING INSECTICIDAL AND ACARICIDAL PROPERTIES

(57) Abstract:Disclosed are novel active substance combinations compnsmg N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulfonyl)ethyl]-3-iodine-N1- {2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl) ethyl]phenyl}phthalamide of formula (I) and the active substances 1 to 15 listed in the description. Said active substance combinations have very good insecticidal and acaricidal properties.
Active compound combinations having insecticidal and acaricidal properties

The present invention relates to novel active compound combinations comprising the 5       known  N2 -[ 1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1-{ 2-methyl-4-[1 ,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }phthalamide     and     other     known insecticidally  active  compounds,  which  combinations  are  highly  suitable  for

controlling animal pests such as insects and unwanted acarids.

10    It is already known that N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1-{2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl)phenyl} phthalamide has insecticidal properties (EP-A 1 006 107). The activity of this substance is good; however, at low application rates it is sometimes unsatisfactory.

15    Furthermore, it is already known that numerous heterocycles, benzoylureas and pyrethroids have insecticidal and acaricidal properties (cf. WO 93/22 297, WO 93/10 083, EP-A 0 210 487, EP-A 0 161 019, DE-A 26 01 780, EP-A 0 235 725, DE-A 23 26 077, EP-A 0 295 11 and EP-A 0 234 045). However, the action of these substances is not always satisfactory.

20

It has now been  found  that the novel  active  compound combinations  of N2-[1,1-

dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1- {2-methyl-4-[1 ,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-

(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl}phthalamide of the formula (I)

and/or


C)    chloronicotinyls, preferably 5. thiacloprid
1\
~CH2N'J(S

Cl    N    N 'CN

known from EP-A 0 235 725

and/or

6.    thiamethoxam

Cl__f~( 0 I
S    N~~N,ICH3

N,NO
2

known from EP-A 0 580 553

and/or

7.    dinotefuran

o~H H
N~~N,
I    CH3

N
'No
2

known from EP-A 0 649 845

and/or

8.    clothianidin

Cl--f~H H
S    N~~N,ICH3

N,NO
2

known from EP-A 0 376 279

and/or
 

20
 



-4-


D)    pyrethroids, preferably 9. deltamethrin
CN    0
v0d'o~"'IhBr
H3C    CH3

known from DE-A 23 26 077

5    and/or


E)    phenylpyrazoles, preferably

10.    ethiprole
N)-(Et

N,N    NH2
CI*CI

~'

CF3

10    known from DE-A 196 53 417

and/or
11.    fipronil
NC([-(._CF,

N,N    NH2
CI*CI

~'

CF3

known from EP-A 0 295 117

F)    carboxylates, preferably

12.    indoxacarb

known from WO 92/11249

5    and/or

G)    macrolides, preferably

13.    emamectin-benzoate

known from EP-A 0 089 202

10    and/or

**    abamectin

known from DE-A 27 17 040

and/or

15.    spinosad

15    known from EP-A 0 375 316


have very good insecticidal and acaricidal properties.


Surprisingly,  the  insecticidal  and  acaricidal  activity  of  the  active  compound

20    combination according to the invention is considerably higher than the sum of the activities of the individual active compounds. A true, unforeseeable synergistic effect is present, and not just an addition of activities.

In  addition  to  N2-[ 1,l-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl)-3-iodo-N1-{ 2-methyl-4-

25    [1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(tritluoromethyl)ethyl)phenyl}phthalamide of the formula (1), the active compound combinations according to the invention comprise at least one active compound from among compounds 1 to 15.
 
Preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-d.imethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1-{2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl}phthalamide of the formula (I) and at least one benzoylurea, selected from compounds 1 and 2.

5

Preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1- {2-methyl-4-[1 ,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl}phthalamide of the formula (I) and at least one diacylhydrazine, selected from compounds 3 and 4.

10

Preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1-{2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-( trifluoro-methyl)ethyl]phenyl}phthalamide of the formula (I) and at least one chloronicotinyl, selected from compounds 5 to 8.

15

Preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1- {2-methyl-4-[ 1 ,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl}phthalamide of the formula (I) and deltamethrin.

20    Preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1-{2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl}phthalamide of the formula (I) and at least one phenylpyrazole, selected from compounds 10 and 11.

25    Preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1-{2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }ph thalami de of the formula (I) and indoxacarb.


Preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N 2-[1,1-dimethyl-

30    2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl ]-3-iodo-N1-{2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl}phthalamide of the formula (I) and at least one macrolide, selected from compounds 13 to 15.

Particular preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methy lsulphonyl )ethyl]-3-iodo-N1-{2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-

(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }phthalamide of the formula (I) and triflumuron.


5    Particular preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methy lsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1-{2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }phthalamide of the formula (I) and flufenoxuron.


Particular preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2 -[1,1-10 dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1-{ 2-methyl-4-[1 ,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-

(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }phthalamide of the formula (I) and methoxyfenozide.


Particular preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1- {2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-

15    (trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl}phthalamide of the formula (I) and tebufenozide.


Particular preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl )ethyl]-3-iodo-N1-{2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl}phthalamide of the formula (I) and thiacloprid.

20

Particular preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1- {2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }phthalamide of the formula (I) and thiamethoxam.

25    Particular preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2 -[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1- {2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }phthalamide of the formula (I) and dinotefuran.


Particular preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-

30    dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1-{2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafl uoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }phthalamide of the formula (I) and clothianidin.
 
Particular preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2 -[1,1-

dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl ]-3-iodo-N1- { 2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-

(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }phthalamide of the formula (I) and ethiprole.


5    Particular preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl )ethyl]-3-iodo-N1- { 2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafl uoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }ph thalami de of the formula (I) and fipronil.

Particular preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-

10    dimethyl-2-(methy lsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1-{ 2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }phthalamide of the formula (I) and emamectin-benzoate.

Particular preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N2-[1,1-
1

15 dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N -{ 2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }phthalamide of the formula (I) and abamectin.

Particular preference is given to active compound combinations comprising N 2 -[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl )ethyl]-3-iodo-N1- { 2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-

20    (trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }phthalamide of the formula (I) and spinosad.


In addition, the active compound combinations may also comprise further fungicidally, acaricidally or insecticidally active mixing components.

25    If the active compounds in the active compound combinations according to the invention are present in certain weight ratios, the synergistic effect is particularly pronounced. However, the weight ratios of the active compounds in the active compound combinations can be varied within a relatively wide range. In general, the
combinations  according  to  the  invention  comprise  the  active  compound N2-[1,1-

30    dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1-{ 2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }phthalamide of the formula (I) and the mixing partners
 
in the preferred, particularly preferred and very particularly preferred mixing ratios stated in the table below:

The mixing ratios are based on weight ratios. The ratio is to be understood as 5 meaning active compound of the formula (!):mixing partner:
                                                    Particularly    Very   
            Mixing partner    Preferred        particularly   
                    preferred       
                                                        preferred   
                                                           
                                                       
    1        triflumuron    10:1 to 1:150    5:1 to 1:50    1:1 to 1:5   
                                                       
    2        flufenoxuron    10:1 to 1:50    5:1 to 1:25    1:1 to 1:5   
                                                           
                                                           
    3        •methoxyfenozide    10:1 to 1:50    5:1 to 1:30    1:1 to 1:15   
                                                           
                                                       
    4        tebufenozide    10:1 to 1:50    5:1 to 1:30    1:1 to 1:15   
                                                       
                                                           
    5            thiacloprid    200:1 to 1:100    150:1 to 1:25    50:1 to 1:5   
                               
                                                   
                                                           
    6            thiamethoxam    200:1 to 1:100    150:1 to 1:25    50:1 to 1:5   
                                               
    7            dinotefuran    200:1 to 1:100    150:1 to 1:25    50:1 to 1:5   
                               
                               
                                                       
    8            clothianidin    1000:1 to 1:150    500:1 to 1:50    250:1 to 1:25   
                               
                                       
                                                           
    9            deltamethrin    50:1 to 1:10    25:1 to 1:5    5:1 to 1:1   
                                                           
                                       
    10            ethiprole    10:1 to 1:150    5:1 to 1:50    1:1 to 1:5   
                                       
    11            fipronil    100:1 to 1:100    10:1 to 1:10    5:1to1:5   
                                       
    12            indoxacarb    100:1 to 1:100    10:1 to 1:10    5:1to1:5   
                                       
                                                           
    13            emamectin-benzoate    50:1 to 1:10    25:1 to 1:5    5:1 to 1:1   
                                       
    14            abamectin    50:1 to 1:100    25:1 to 1:50    5:1 to 1:25   
                               
                                       
    15            spinosad    50:1 to 1:10    25:1to1:5    5:1 to 1:1   
                                                           
                                                           

The active compound combinations according to the invention are suitable for controlling animal pests, preferably arthropods and nematodes, in particular insects and arachnids, found in agriculture, in animal health, in forests, in gardens and

10    leisure facilities in the protection of stored products and materials and in the hygiene
 
sector, while exhibiting good tolerability to plants, low toxicity to warm-blooded species and good environmental compatibility. They are active against normally sensitive and resistant species, and against all or individual developmental stages. The abovementioned pests include:

5

From the order of the Isopoda, for example, Oniscus asellus, Armadillidium vulgare, Porcellio scaber.
From the order of the Diplopoda, for example, Blaniulus guttulatus.

From the order of the Chilopoda, for example, Geophilus carpophagus, Scutigera

10    spp.

From the order of the Symphyla, for example, Scutigerella immaculata.

From the order of the Thysanura, for example, Lepisma saccharina. From the order of the Collembola, for example, Onychiurus annatus.

From the order of the Orthoptera, for example, Acheta domesticus, Gryllotalpa spp.,

15    Locusta migratoria migratorioides, Melanoplus spp., Schistocerca gregaria.

From the order of the Blattaria, for example, Blatta orientalis, Periplaneta americana, Leucophaea maderae, Blattella germanica.

From the order of the Dermaptera, for example, Forficula auricularia. From the order of the lsoptera, for example, Reticulitermes spp.

20    From the order of the Phthiraptera, for example, Pediculus humanus corporis, Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., Trichodectes spp., Damalinia spp.

From the order of the Thysanoptera, for example, Hercinothrips femoralis, Thrips tabaci, Thrips palmi, Frankliniella accidentalis.

From  the  order  of  the  Heteroptera,  for  example,  Eurygaster  spp.,  Dysdercus

25    intermedius, Piesma quadrata, Cimex lectularius, Rhodnius prolixus, Triatoma spp. From the order of the Homoptera, for example, Aleurodes brassicae, Bemisia tabaci, Trialeurodes vaporariorum, Aphis gossypii, Brevicoryne brassicae, Cryptomyzus ribis, Aphis fabae, Aphis pomi, Eriosoma lanigerum, Hyalopterus arundinis,

Phylloxera vastatrix, Pemphigus spp., Macrosiphum avenae, Myzus spp., Phorodon

30    humuli, Rhopalosiphum padi, Empoasca spp., Euscelis bilobatus, Nephotettix cincticeps, Lecanium comi, Saissetia oleae, Laodelphax striatellus, Nilaparvata lugens, Aonidiella aurantii, Aspidiotus hederae, Pseudococcus spp., Psylla spp.
 
From the order of the Lepidoptera, for example, Pectinophora gossypiella, Bupalus piniarius, Cheimatobia brumata, Lithocolletis blancardella, Hyponomeuta padella, Plutella xylostella, Malacosoma neustria, Euproctis chrysorrhoea, Lymantria spp., Bucculatrix thurberiella, Phyllocnistis citrella, Agrotis spp., Euxoa spp., Feltia spp.,

5    Earias insulana, Heliothis spp., Mamestra brassicae, Panolis flammea, Spodoptera spp., Trichoplusia ni, Carpocapsa pomonella, Pieris spp., Chilo spp., Pyrausta nubilalis, Ephestia kuehniella, Galleria mellonella, Tineola bisselliella, Tinea pellionella, Hofmannophila pseudospretella, Cacoecia podana, Capua reticulana, Choristoneura furniferana, Clysia ambiguella, Homona magnanima, Tortrix viridana,

10    Cnaphalocerus spp., Oulema oryzae.

From the order of the Coleoptera, for example, Anobium punctatum, Rhizopertha dominica, Bruchidius obtectus, Acanthoscelides obtectus, Hylotrupes bajulus,

Agelastica  alni,  Leptinotarsa decemlineata,  Phaedon  cochleariae,  Diabrotica  spp.,

Psylliodes    chrysocephala,  Epilachna  varivestis,   Atomaria  spp.,   Oryzaephilus

15    surinamensis, Anthonomus spp., Sitophilus spp., Otiorrhynchus sulcatus, Cosmopolites sordidus, Ceuthorrhynchus assimilis, Hypera postica, Dermestes spp., Trogoderma spp., Anthrenus spp., Attagenus spp., Lyctus spp., Meligethes aeneus,

Ptinus  spp.,  Niptus  hololeucus,  Gibbium  psylloides,  Tribolium  spp.,  Tenebrio

molitor,  Agriotes  spp.,  Conoderus  spp.,  Melolontha  melolontha,  Amphimallon

20    solstitialis, Costelytra zealandica, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus.

From the order of the Hymenoptera, for example, Diprion spp., Hoplocampa spp., Lasius spp., Monomorium pharaonis, Vespa spp.

From the order of the Diptera, for example, Aedes spp., Anopheles spp., Culex spp.,

Drosophila  melanogaster,  Musca  spp.,  Fannia  spp.,  Calliphora  erythrocephala,

25    Lucilia spp., Chrysomyia spp., Cuterebra spp., Gastrophilus spp., Hyppobosca spp., Stomoxys spp., Oestrus spp., Hypoderma spp., Tabanus spp., Tannia spp., Bibio hortulanus, Oscinella frit, Phorbia spp., Pegomyia hyoscyami, Ceratitis capitata, Dacus oleae, Tipula paludosa, Hylemyia spp., Liriomyza spp.

From the order of the Siphonaptera, for example, Xenopsylla cheopis, Ceratophyllus

30    spp.

From the class of the Arachnida, for example, Scorpio maurus, Latrodectus mactans, Acarus siro, Argas spp., Ornithodoros spp., Dermanyssus gallinae, Eriophyes ribis,

Phyllocoptruta oleivora, Boophilus spp., Rhipicephalus spp., Amblyomma spp., Hyalomma spp., Ixodes spp., Psoroptes spp., Chorioptes spp., Sarcoptes spp., Tarsonemus spp., Bryobia praetiosa, Panonychus spp., Tetranychus spp., Hemitarsonemus spp., Brevipalpus spp.

5    The plant-parasitic nematodes include, for example, Pratylenchus spp., Radopholus similis, Ditylenchus dipsaci, Tylenchulus semipenetrans, Heterodera spp., Globodera spp., Meloidogyne spp., Aphelenchoides spp., Longidorus spp., Xiphinema spp., Trichodorus spp., Bursaphelenchus spp ..

10    The active compound combinations according to the invention of the compound of the formula (I) and at least one compound 1 to 15 are particularly suitable for controlling "biting" pests. These include, in particular, the following pests:

From the order of the Lepidoptera for example, Pectinophora gossypiella, Bupalus

15    piniarius, Cheimatobia brumata, Lithocolletis blancardella, Hyponomeuta padeHa, Plutella xylostella, Malacosoma neustria, Euproctis chrysorrhoea, Lymantria spp., Bucculatrix thurberiella, Phyllocnistis citrella, Agrotis spp., Euxoa spp., Feltia spp.,

Earias insulana, Heliothis spp., Mamestra brassicae, Panolis flammea, Spodoptera

spp.,  Trichoplusia  ni,  Carpocapsa  pomonella,  Pieris  spp.,  Chilo  spp.,  Pyrausta

20    nubilalis, Ephestia kuehniella, Galleria mellonella, Tineola bisselliella, Tinea pellionella, Hofmannophila pseudospretella, Cacoecia podana, Capua reticulana, Choristoneura fumiferana, Clysia ambiguella, Homona magnanima, Tortrix viridana, Cnaphalocerus spp., Oulema oryzae.

From the order of the Coleoptera, for example, Anobium punctatum, Rhizopertha

25    dominica, Bruchidius obtectus, Acanthoscelides obtectus, Hylotrupes bajulus, Agelastica alni, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, Phaedon cochleariae, Diabrotica spp., Psylliodes chrysocephala, Epilachna varivestis, Atomaria spp., Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Anthonomus spp., Sitophilus spp., Otiorrhynchus sulcatus,

Cosmopolites sordidus, Ceuthorrhynchus assimilis, Hypera postica, Dermestes spp.,

30    Trogoderma spp., Anthrenus spp., Attagenus spp., Lyctus spp., Meligethes aeneus, Ptinus spp., Niptus hololeucus, Gibbium psylloides, Tribolium spp., Tenebrio
 
molitor, Agriotes spp., Conoderus spp., Melolontha melolontha, Amphimallon solsti-tialis, Costelytra zealandica, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus.

The active compound combinations according to the invention of the compound of

5    the formula (D and at least one compound 5 to 8 are additionally particularly suitable for controlling "sucking" pests. These include, in particular, the following pests: From the order of the Homoptera, for example, Aleurodes brassicae, Bemisia tabaci,

Trialeurodes  vaporariorum,  Aphis  gossypii,  Brevicoryne  brassicae,  Cryptomyzus

ribis,    Aphis  fabae,  Aphis  pomi,  Eriosoma  lanigerum,  Hyalopterus  arundinis,

10    Phylloxera vastatrix, Pemphigus spp., Macrosiphum avenae, Myzus spp., Phorodon humuli, Rhopalosiphum padi, Empoasca spp., Euscelis bilobatus, Nephotettix cincticeps, Lecanium comi, Saissetia oleae, Laodelphax striatellus, Nilaparvata Iugens, Aonidiella aurantii, Aspidiotus hederae, Pseudococcus spp., Psylla spp.

15    The active compound combinations according to the invention have, in particular, excellent activity against caterpillars, beetle larvae, spider mites, aphids and leaf-mining flies.

The active compound combinations according to the invention can be converted into

20    the customary formulations such as solutions, emulsions, wettable powders, suspensions, powders, dusts, pastes, soluble powders, granules, suspension-emulsion concentrates, natural and synthetic materials impregnated with active compound, and microencapsulations in polymeric materials.

25    These formulations are produced in a known manner, for example by mixing the active compounds with extenders, that is, liquid solvents and/or solid carriers, optionally with the use of surfactants, that is, emulsifiers and/or dispersants, and/or foam formers.

30    If the extender used is water, it is also possible, for example, to use organic solvents as cosolvents. The following are essentially suitable as liquid solvents: aromatics such as xylene, toluene or alkylnaphthalenes, chlorinated aromatics or chlorinated
 
aliphatic hydrocarbons such as chlorobenzenes, chloroethylenes or methylene chloride, aliphatic hydrocarbons such as cyclohexane or paraffins, for example mineral oil fractions, mineral and vegetable oils, alcohols such as butanol or glycol and their ethers and esters, ketones such as acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl

5    isobutyl ketone or cyclohexanone, strongly polar solvents such as dimethylformamide and dimethyl sulphoxide, or else water.

Suitable solid carriers are: for example ammonium salts and ground natural minerals

such    as   kaolins,   clays,   talc,   chalk,   quartz,  attapulgite,  montmorillonite   or

10    diatomaceous earth, and ground synthetic materials such as finely divided silica, alumina and silicates; suitable solid carriers for granules are: for example crushed and fractionated natural rocks such as calcite, marble, pumice, sepiolite and dolomite, or else synthetic granules of inorganic and organic meals, and granules of organic

material  such  as sawdust, coconut shells, maize cobs and tobacco stalks; suitable

15    emulsifiers and/or foam formers are: for example nonionic and anionic emulsifiers such as polyoxyethylene fatty acid esters, polyoxyethylene fatty alcohol ethers, for example alkylaryl polyglycol ethers, alkylsulphonates, alkyl sulphates, arylsulphonates, or else protein hydrolysates; suitable dispersants are: for example lignin-sulphite waste liquors and methylcellulose.

20

Tackifiers such as carboxymethylcellulose and natural and synthetic polymers in the form of powders, granules or latices, such as gum arabic, polyvinyl alcohol and polyvinyl acetate, or else natural phospholipids such as cephalins and lecithins and synthetic phospholipids can be used in the formulations. Other additives can be

25    mineral and vegetable oils.


It is possible to use colorants such as inorganic pigments, for example iron oxide, titanium oxide and Prussian Blue, and organic colorants such as alizarin colorants,

azo colorants and metal phthalocyanine colorants, and trace nutrients such as salts of

30    iron, manganese, boron, copper, cobalt, molybdenum and zinc.
 
The formulations generally comprise between 0.1 and 95% by weight of active compound, preferably between 0.5 and 90%.

The active compound combinations according to the invention can be present in their

5    commercially available formulations and in the use forms, prepared from these formulations, as a mixture with other active compounds, such as insecticides, attractants, sterilants, bactericides, acaricides, nematicides, fungicides, growth-regulating substances or herbicides. The insecticides include, for example,

phosphates,  carbamates,  carboxylates,  chlorinated  hydrocarbons,  phenylureas  and

10    substances produced by microorganisms, inter alia.


Mixtures with other known active compounds such as herbicides or with fertilizers and growth regulators are also possible.

15    When used as insecticides, the active compound combinations according to the invention can furthermore be present in their commercially available formulations and in the use forms, prepared from these formulations, as a mixture with synergists. Synergists are compounds which increase the action of the active compounds, without it being necessary for the synergist added to be active itself.

20

The active compound content of the use forms prepared from the commercially available formulations can vary within wide limits. The active compound concentration of the use forms can be from 0.0000001 to 95% by weight of active compound, preferably between 0.0001 and 1% by weight.

25

The compounds are employed in a customary manner appropriate for the use forms. When used against hygiene pests and stored-product pests, the active compound combinations are distinguished by an excellent residual action on wood and clay as well as good stability to alkali on limed substrates.

30

The active compound combinations according to the invention are not only active against plant pests, hygiene pests and stored-product pests, but also, in the veterinary

medicine sector, against animal parasites (ectoparasites) such as hard ticks, soft ticks, mange mites, harvest mites, flies (stinging and licking), parasitizing fly larvae, lice, head lice, bird lice and fleas. These parasites include:

5    From the order of the Anoplurida, for example, Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., Pediculus spp., Phtirus spp., Solenopotes spp.

From the order of the Mallophagida and the suborders Amblycerina and Ischnocerina, for example, Trimenopon spp., Menopon spp., Trinoton spp., Bovicola spp., Werneckiella spp., Lepikentron spp., Damalina spp., Trichodectes spp., Felicola

10    spp.

From the order Diptera and the suborders Nematocerina and Brachycerina, for example, Aedes spp., Anopheles spp., Culex spp., Simulium spp., Eusimulium spp., Phlebotomus spp., Lutzomyia spp., Culicoides spp., Chrysops spp., Hybomitra spp.,

Atylotus spp., Tabanus spp., Haematopota spp., Philipomyia spp., Braula spp., Musca

15    spp., Hydrotaea spp., Stomoxys spp., Haematobia spp., Morellia spp., Fannia spp., Glossina spp., Calliphora spp., Lucilia spp., Chrysomyia spp., Wohlfahrtia spp., Sarcophaga spp., Oestrus spp., Hypoderma spp., Gasterophilus spp., Hippobosca spp., Lipoptena spp., Melophagus spp.

From the order of the Siphonapterida, for example, Pulex spp., Ctenocephalides spp.,

20    Xenopsylla spp., Ceratophyllus spp.

From the order of the Heteropterida, for example, Cimex spp., Triatoma spp., Rhodnius spp., Panstrongylus spp.
From  the  order  of  the  Blattarida,  for  example,  Blatta  orientalis,  Periplaneta

americana, Blattella germanica, Supella spp.

25    From the subclass of the Acaria (Acarida) and the orders of the Meta- and Mesostigmata, for example, Argas spp., Ornithodoros spp., Otobius spp., Ixodes spp., Amblyomma spp., Boophilus spp., Dermacentor spp., Haemophysalis spp., Hyalomma spp., Rhipicephalus spp., Dermanyssus spp., Raillietia spp.,

Pneumonyssus spp., Sternostoma spp., Varroa spp.

30    From the order of the Actinedida (Prostigmata) and Acaridida (Astigmata), for example, Acarapis spp., Cheyletiella spp., Ornithocheyletia spp., Myobia spp., Psorergates spp., Demodex spp., Trombicula spp., Listrophorus spp., Acarus spp.,

Tyrophagus spp., Caloglyphus spp., Hypodectes spp., Pterolichus spp., Psoroptes spp., Chorioptes spp., Otodectes spp., Sarcoptes spp., Notoedres spp., Knemidocoptes spp., Cytodites spp., Laminosioptes spp.

5    The active compound combinations according to the invention are also suitable for controlling arthropods which attack agricultural livestock such as, for example, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, pigs, donkeys, camels, buffaloes, rabbits, chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, honey-bees, other domestic animals such as, for example,

dogs, cats, caged birds, aquarium fish and so-called experimental animals such as, for

10    example, hamsters, guinea pigs, rats and mice. By controlling these arthropods, cases of death and reductions in productivity (for meat, milk, wool, hides, eggs, honey and the like) should be diminished, so that more economical and simpler animal husbandry is possible by the use of the active compound combinations according to the invention.

15

The active compound combinations according to the invention are used in the veterinary sector in a known manner by enteral administration in the form of, for example, tablets, capsules, potions, drenches, granules, pastes, boluses, the feed-through method, suppositories, by parenteral administration such as, for example, by

20    injections (intramuscularly, subcutaneously, intravenously, intraperitoneally and the like), implants, by nasal administration, by dermal administration in the form of, for example, immersing or dipping, spraying, pouring-on, spotting-on, washing, dusting, and with the aid of active-compound-comprising moulded articles such as collars, ear tags, tail tags, limb bands, halters, marking devices and the like.

25

When used for cattle, poultry, domestic animals and the like, the active compound combinations can be applied as formulations (for example powders, emulsions, tlowables) comprising the active compounds in an amount of 1 to 80% by weight, either directly or after 100- to 10,000-fold dilution, or they may be used as a chemical

30    dip.


Moreover, it has been found that the active compound combinations according to the invention show a potent insecticidal action against insects which destroy industrial materials.

5    The following insects may be mentioned by way of example and with preference, but not by way of limitation:

Beetles such as Hylotrupes bajulus, Chlorophorus pilosis, Anobium punctatum, Xestobium rufovillosum, Ptilinus pecticornis, Dendrobium pertinex, Ernobius mollis, Priobium carpini, Lyctus brunneus, Lyctus africanus, Lyctus planicollis, Lyctus

10    linearis, Lyctus pubescens, Trogoxylon aequale, Minthes rugicollis, Xyleborus spec., Tryptodendron spec., Apate monachus, Bostrychus capucins, Heterobostrychus brunneus, Sinoxylon spec., Dinoderus minutus.
Dermapterans  such  as  Sirex  juvencus,  Urocerus  gigas,  Urocerus  gigas  taignus,

Urocerus augur.

15    Termites such as Kalotermes flavicollis, Cryptotermes brevis, Heterotermes indicola, Reticulitermes flavipes, Reticulitermes santonensis, Reticulitermes lucifugus, Mastotermes darwiniensis, Zootermopsis nevadensis, Coptotermes formosanus.

Bristle-tails such as Lepisma saccharina.


20    Industrial materials in the present context are understood as meaning non-living materials such as, preferably, polymers, adhesives, glues, paper and board, leather, wood, timber products and paints.

The  material  which  is  to  be  protected  from  insect  attack  IS   very  particularly

25    preferably wood and timber products.


Wood and timber products which can be protected by the composition according to the invention, or mixtures comprising it, are to be understood as meaning, for

example:

30    Construction timber, wooden beams, railway sleepers, bridge components, jetties, vehicles made of wood, boxes, pallets, containers, telephone poles, wood lagging,
 
windows and doors made of wood, plywood, chipboard, joinery, or timber products which quite generally are used in house construction or building joinery.

The active compound combinations can be used as such, in the form of concentrates

5    or generally customary formulations such as powders, granules, solutions, suspensions, emulsions or pastes.

The abovementioned formulations can be prepared in a manner known per se, for

example  by  mixing  the  active  compounds  with  at  least  one  solvent  or  diluent,

10    emulsifier, dispersant and/or binder or fixative, water repellant, if desired desiccants and UV stabilizers, and if desired colorants and pigments and other processing auxiliaries.

The insecticidal compositions or concentrates used for protecting wood and timber

15    products comprise the active compound according to the invention in a concentration of 0.0001 to 95% by weight, in particular 0.001 to 60% by weight.

The amount of composition or concentrate employed depends on the species and the

abundance of the insects and on the medium. The optimal quantity to be employed

20    can be determined in each case by test series upon application. In general, however, it will suffice to employ 0.0001 to 20% by weight, preferably 0.001 to 10% by weight, of the active compound, based on the material to be protected.

A suitable solvent and/or diluent is an organochemical solvent or solvent mixture

25    and/or an oily or oil-type organochemical solvent or solvent mixture of low volatility and/or a polar organochernical solvent or solvent mixture and/or water and, if appropriate, an emulsifier and/or wetter.

Organochernical solvents which are preferably employed are oily or oil-type solvents

30    with an evaporation number of above 35 and a flash point of above 30°C, preferably above 45°C. Such oily and oil-type solvents which are insoluble in water and of low volatility and which are used are suitable mineral oils or their aromatic fractions or

mineral-oil-containing solvent mixtures, preferably white spirit, petroleum and/or alkylbenzene.

Mineral oils with a boiling range of 170 to 220°C, white spirit with a boiling range of

5    170 to 220°C, spindle oil with a boiling range of 250 to 350°C, petroleum and aromatics with a boiling range of 160 to 280°C, oil of turpentine, and the like are advantageously used.

In a preferred embodiment, liquid aliphatic hydrocarbons with a boiling range of 180

10    to 2l0°C or high-boiling mixtures of aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons with a boiling range of 180 to 220°C and/or spindle oil and/or monochloronaphthalene, preferably a-monochloronaphthalene, are used.

The  organic  oily  or oil-type  solvents  of low  volatility  and  with  an  evaporation

15    number of above 35 and a flash point of above 30°C, preferably above 45°C, can be replaced in part by organochemical solvents of high or medium volatility, with the proviso that the solvent mixture also has an evaporation number of above 35 and a flash point of above 30°C, preferably above 45°C, and that the mixture is soluble or emulsifiable in this solvent mixture.

20

In a preferred embodiment, some of the organochemical solvent or solvent mixture is replaced by an aliphatic polar organochemical solvent or solvent mixture. Aliphatic organochemical solvents which contain hydroxyl and/or ester and/or ether groups are preferably used, such as, for example, glycol ethers, esters or the like.

25    Organochemical binders used for the purposes of the present invention are the synthetic resins and/or binding drying oils which are known per se and which can be diluted in water and/or dissolved or dispersed or emulsified in the organochemical solvents employed, in particular binders composed of, or comprising, an acrylate resin, a vinyl resin, for example polyvinyl acetate, polyester resin, polycondensation

30    or polyaddition resin, polyurethane resin, alkyd resin or modified alkyd resin, phenol resin, hydrocarbon resin such as indene/coumarone resin, silicone resin, drying

vegetable and/or drying oils and/or physically drying binders based on a natural and/or synthetic resin.

The synthetic resin employed as binder can be employed in the form of an emulsion,

5    dispersion or solution. Bitumen or bituminous substances may also be used as binders, in amounts of up to 10% by weight. In addition, colorants, pigments, water repellants, odour-masking agents, and inhibitors or anticorrosive agents and the like,

all of which are known per se, can be employed.

In  accordance  with  the  invention,  the  composition  or the  concentrate  preferably

10    comprises, as organochemical binders, at least one alkyd resin or modified alkyd resin and/or a drying vegetable oil. Alkyd resins which are preferably used in accordance with the invention are those with an oil content of over 45% by weight, preferably 50 to 68% by weight.
Some or all of the abovementioned binder can be replaced by a fixative (mixture) or

15    plasticizer (mixture). These additives are intended to prevent volatilization of the active compounds, and also crystallization or precipitation. They preferably replace 0.0 I to 30% of the binder (based on 100% of binder employed).

The plasticizers are from the chemical classes of the phthalic esters, such as dibutyl

20    phthalate, dioctyl phthalate or benzyl butyl phthalate, phosphoric esters such as tributyl phosphate, adipic esters such as di-(2-ethylhexyl)-adipate, stearates such as butyl stearate or amyl stearate, oleates such as butyl oleate, glycerol ethers or higher-molecular-weight glycol ethers, glycerol esters and p-toluenesulphonic esters.

25    Fixatives are based chemically on polyvinyl alkyl ethers such as, for example, polyvinyl methyl ether, or ketones such as benzophenone and ethylenebenzophenone.

Other suitable solvents or diluents are, in particular, water, if appropriate as a mixture

with  one  or  more  of  the  abovementioned  organochemical  solvents  or  diluents,

30    emulsifiers and dispersants.

Particularly effective timber protection is achieved by industrial-scale impregnating processes, for example the vacuum, double-vacuum or pressure processes.

The active compound combinations according to the invention can at the same time

5    be employed for protecting objects which come into contact with saltwater or brackish water, such as hulls, screens, nets, buildings, moorings and signalling systems, against fouling.

Fouling by sessile Oligochaeta, such as Serpulidae, and by shells and species from

10    the Ledamorpha group (goose barnacles), such as various Lepas and Scalpellum species, or by species from the Balanomorpha group (acorn barnacles), such as Balanus or Pollicipes species, increases the frictional drag of ships and, as a consequence, leads to a marked increase in operation costs owing to higher energy

consumption and additionally frequent stops in the dry dock.

15    Apart from fouling by algae, for example Ectocarpus sp. and Ceramium sp., fouling by sessile Entomostraka groups, which come under the generic term Cirripedia (ciniped crustaceans), is of particular importance.

Surprisingly,  it  has  now  been  found  that  the  active  compound  combinations

20    according to the invention have an outstanding antifouling action.


Using the active compound combinations according to the invention allows the use

of heavy metals such as, for example, in bis(trialkyltin) sulphides, tri-n-butyltin laurate, tri-n-butyltin chloride, copper(!) oxide, triethyltin chloride, tri-n-butyl(2-

25    phenyl-4-chlorophenoxy)tin, tributyltin oxide, molybdenum disulphide, antimony oxide, polymeric butyl titanate, phenyl-(bispyridine)-bismuth chloride, tri-n-butyltin

fluoride,  manganese  ethylenebisthiocarbamate,  zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate,  zinc

ethylenebisthiocarbamate,  zinc  salts  and  copper  salts  of 2-pyridinethiol  1-oxide,

bisdimethyldithiocarbamoylzinc    ethylenebisthiocarbamate,  zinc  oxide,  copper(!)

30    ethylene-bisdithiocarbamate, copper thiocyanate, copper naphthenate and tributyltin halides to be dispensed with, or the concentration of these compounds to be substantially reduced.
 
If appropriate, the ready-to-use antifouling paints can additionally comprise other active compounds, preferably algicides, fungicides, herbicides, molluscicides, or other antifouling active compounds.

5    Preferable suitable components in combinations with the antifouling compositions according to the invention are:

algicides such as 2-tert-butylamino-4-cyclopropylamino-6-methylthio-1,3,5-triazine, dichlorophen, diuron, endothal, fentin acetate, isoproturon, methabenzthiazuron, oxy-

fluorfen, quinoclamine and terbutryn;

10    fungicides such as benzo[b]thiophenecarboxylic acid cyclohexylamide S,S-dioxide, dichlofluanid, fluorfolpet, 3-iodo-2-propinyl butylcarbamate, tolylfluanid and azoles such• as azaconazole, cyproconazole, epoxyconazole, hexaconazole, metconazole, propiconazole and tebuconazole;

molluscicides such as fentin acetate, metaldehyde, methiocarb, niclosamid, thiodicarb

15    and trimethacarb;

or conventional antifouling active compounds such as 4,5-dichloro-2-octyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one, diiodomethylparatryl sulphone, 2-(N,N-dimethyl-

thiocarbamoylthio)-5-nitrothiazyl,  potassium,  copper,  sodium  and  zinc  salts  of

2-pyridinethiol    1-oxide,    pyridine-triphenylborane,    tetrabutyldistannoxane,

20    2,3,5,6-tetrachloro-4-(methylsulphonyl)-pyridine, 2,4,5,6-tetrachloroisophthalonitrile, tetramethylthiuram disulphide and 2,4,6-trichlorophenylmaleiimide.

The  antifouling  compositions  used  comprise  the  active  compound  combinations

according to the invention in a concentration of 0.001 to 50% by weight, in particular

25    0.01 to 20% by weight.

Moreover, the antifouling compositions according to the invention comprise the customary components such as, for example, those described in Ungerer, Chern. Ind. 1985, 37, 730-732 and Williams, Antifouling Marine Coatings, Noyes, Park Ridge,

1973.

30

Besides the algicidal, fungicidal, molluscicidal active compounds and insecticidal

active compounds according to the invention, antifouling paints comprise, in

particular, binders.


Examples of recognized binders are polyvinyl chloride in a solvent system, chlorinated rubber in a solvent system, acrylic resins in a solvent system, in particular

5    in an aqueous system, vinyl chloride/vinyl acetate copolymer systems in the form of aqueous dispersions or in the form of organic solvent systems, butadiene/styrene/acrylonitrile rubbers, drying oils such as linseed oil, resin esters or modified hardened resins in combination with tar or bitumens, asphalt and epoxy compounds, small amounts of chlorine rubber, chlorinated polypropylene and vinyl

10    resins.


If appropriate, paints also comprise inorganic pigments, organic pigments or colorants which are preferably insoluble in salt water. Paints may furthermore comprise materials such as colophonium to allow controlled release of the active

15    compounds. Furthermore, the paints may comprise plasticizers, modifiers which affect the rheological properties and other conventional constituents. The compounds according to the invention or the abovementioned mixtures may also be incorporated into self-polishing antifouling systems.

20    The active compound combinations are also suitable for controlling animal pests, in particular insects, arachnids and mites, which are found in enclosed spaces such as, for example, dwellings, factory halls, offices, vehicle cabins and the like. They can be employed in domestic insecticide products for controlling these pests. They are active against sensitive and resistant species and against all developmental stages. These

25    pests include:

From the order of the Scorpion idea, for example, Buthus occitanus.

From the order of the Acarina, for example, Argas persicus, Argas reflex us, Bryobia

ssp.,    Dermanyssus   gallinae,   Glyciphagus   domesticus,   Ornithodoros   moubat,

Rhipicephalus  sanguineus,  Trombicula  alfreddugesi,  Neutrombicula  autumnalis,

30    Dermatophagoides pteronissimus, Dermatophagoides forinae.


From the order of the Opiliones, for example, Pseudoscorpiones chelifer, Pseudoscorpiones cheiridium, Opiliones phalangium.

From the order of the Isopoda, for example, Oniscus asellus, Porcellio scaber.

From the order of the Diplopoda, for example, Blaniulus guttulatus, Polydesmus spp.

5    From the order of the Chilopoda, for example, Geophilus spp.

From the order of the Zygentoma, for example, Ctenolepisma spp., Lepisma saccharina, Lepismodes inquilinus.
From the order of the Blattaria, for example, Blatta orientalies, Blattella germanica,

Blattella asahinai, Leucophaea maderae, Panchlora spp., Parcoblatta spp., Periplaneta

10    australasiae, Periplaneta americana, Periplaneta brunnea, Periplaneta fuliginosa, Supella longipalpa.
From the order of the Saltatoria, for example, Acheta domesticus. From the order of the Dermaptera, for example, Forficula auricularia.

From the order of the Isoptera, for example, Kalotermes spp., Reticulitermes spp.

15    From the order of the Psocoptera, for example, Lepinatus spp., Liposcelis spp.

From the order of the Coleptera, for example, Anthrenus spp., Attagenus spp., Dermestes spp., Latheticus oryzae, Necrobia spp., Ptinus spp., Rhizopertha dominica, Sitophilus granarius, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais, Stegobium paniceum.

From the order of the Diptera, for example, Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, Aedes

20    taeniorhynchus, Anopheles spp., Calliphora erythrocephala, Chrysozona pluvialis, Culex quinquefasciatus, Culex pipiens, Culex tarsalis, Drosophila spp., Fannia canicularis, Musca domestica, Phlebotomus spp., Sarcophaga carnaria, Simulium spp., Stomoxys calcitrans, Tipula paludosa.
From the order of the Lepidoptera, for example, Achroia grisella, Galleria mellonella,

25    Plodia interpunctella, Tinea cloacella, Tinea pellionella, Tineola bisselliella.

From the order of the Siphonaptera, for example, Ctenocephalides canis, Ctenocephalides felis, Pulex irritans, Tunga penetrans, Xenopsylla cheopis.

From the order of the Hymenoptera, for example, Camponotus herculeanus, Lasius fuliginosus, Lasius niger, Lasius umbratus, Monomorium pharaonis, Paravespula

30    sppc, Tetramorium caespitum.

From the order of the Anoplura, for example, Pediculus humanus capitis, Pediculus humanus corporis, Phthirus pubis.


From the order of the Heteroptera, for example, Cimex hemipterus, Cimex lectularius, Rhodinus prolixus, Triatoma infestans.

They  are  used  as  aerosols,  pressureless  spray  products,  for  example  pump  and

5    atomizer sprays, automatic fogging systems, foggers, foams, gels, evaporator products with evaporator tablets made of cellulose or polymer, liquid evaporators, gel and membrane evaporators, propeller-driven evaporators, energy-free, or passive, evaporation systems, moth papers, moth bags and moth gels, as granules or dusts, in baits for spreading or in bait stations.

10

According to the invention, it is possible to treat all plants and parts of plants. Plants are to be understood here as meaning all plants and plant populations such as desired and undesired wild plants or crop plants (including naturally occurring crop plants). Crop plants can be plants which can be obtained by conventional breeding and

15    optimization methods or by biotechnological and genetic engineering methods or combinations of these methods, including the transgenic plants and including the plant cultivars which can or cannot be protected by plant breeders' certificates. Parts of plants are to be understood as meaning all above-ground and below-ground parts and organs of plants, such as shoot, leaf, flower and root, examples which may be

20    mentioned being leaves, needles, stems, trunks, flowers, fruit-bodies, fruits and seeds and also roots, tubers and rhizomes. Parts of plants also include harvested plants and vegetative and generative propagation material, for example seedlings, tubers, rhizomes, cuttings and seeds.

25    The treatment according to the invention of the plants and parts of plants with the active compounds is carried out directly or by action on their environment, habitat or storage area according to customary treatment methods, for example by dipping, spraying, evaporating, atomizing, broadcasting, brushing-on and, in the case of propagation material, in particular in the case of seeds, furthermore by one- or multi-

30    layer coating.


As already mentioned above, it is possible to treat all plants and their parts according to the invention. In a preferred embodiment, wild plant species and plant cultivars, or those obtained by conventional biological breeding methods, such as crossing or protoplast fusion, and parts thereof, are treated. In a further preferred embodiment,

5    transgenic plants and plant cultivars obtained by genetic engineering, if appropriate in combination with conventional methods (Genetically Modified Organisms), and parts thereof are treated. The terms "parts", "parts of plants" and "plant parts" have been explained above.

Particularly  preferably,  plants  of  the  plant  cultivars  which  are  in  each  case

10    commercially available or in use are treated according to the invention.


Depending on the plant species or plant cultivars, their location and growth conditions (soils, climate, vegetation period, diet), the treatment according to the

invention may also result in superadditive ("synergistic") effects. Thus, for example,

15    reduced application rates and/or a widening of the activity spectrum and/or an increase in the activity of the substances and compositions which can be used according to the invention, better plant growth, increased tolerance to high or low

temperatures, increased tolerance to drought or to water or soil salt content, increased

flowering  performance,  easier  harvesting,  accelerated  maturation,  higher  harvest

20    yields, better quality and/or a higher nutritional value of the harvested products, better storage stability and/or processability of the harvested products are possible which exceed the effects which were actually to be expected.

The transgenic plants or plant cultivars (i.e. those obtained by genetic engineering)

25    which are preferred and to be treated according to the invention include all plants which, in the genetic modification, received genetic material which imparts

particularly advantageous useful traits to these plants. Examples of such traits are better plant growth, increased tolerance to high or low temperatures, increased tolerance to drought or to water or soil salt content, increased flowering performance,

30    easier harvesting, accelerated maturation, higher harvest yields, better quality and/or a higher nutritional value of the harvested products, better storage stability and/or

processability of the harvested products. Further and particularly emphasized examples of such traits are a better defence of the plants against animal and microbial pests, such as against insects, mites, phytopathogenic fungi, bacteria and/or viruses, and also increased tolerance of the plants to certain herbicidally active compounds.

5    Examples of transgenic plants which may be mentioned are the important crop plants, such as cereals (wheat, rice), maize, soya beans, potatoes, cotton, tobacco, oilseed rape and also fruit plants (with the fruits apples, pears, citrus fruits and grapes), and particular emphasis is given to maize, soya beans, potatoes, cotton,

tobacco and oilseed rape. Traits that are particularly emphasized are the increased

10    defence of the plants against insects, arachnids, nematodes and worms by toxins formed in the plants, in particular those formed in the plants by the genetic material from• Bacillus thuringiensis (for example by the genes CryiA(a), CryiA(b), CryiA(c),

CryliA, CrylliA, CryiiiB2, Cry9c Cry2Ab, Cry3Bb and CryiF and also combinations

thereof)  (hereinbelow  referred to  as  "Bt plants").  Traits  that  are  also  particularly

15    emphasized are the increased defence of plants against fungi, bacteria and viruses by systemic acquired resistance (SAR), systemin, phytoalexins, elicitors and also resistance genes and correspondingly expressed proteins and toxins. Traits that are furthermore particularly emphasized are the increased tolerance of the plants to

certain herbicidally active compounds, for example imidazolinones, sulphonylureas,

20    glyphosate or phosphinotricin (for example the "PAT" gene). The genes in question which impart the desired traits can also be present in combination with one another in the transgenic plants. Examples of "Bt plants" which may be mentioned are maize varieties, cotton varieties, soya bean varieties and potato varieties which are sold under the trade names YIELD GARD® (for example maize, cotton, soya beans),

25    KnockOut® (for example maize), StarLink® (for example maize), Bollgard® (cotton), Nucotn® (cotton) and NewLeaf® (potato). Examples of herbicide-tolerant plants which may be mentioned are maize varieties, cotton varieties and soya bean

varieties which are sold under the trade names Roundup Ready® (tolerance to glyphosate, for example maize, cotton, soya beans), Liberty Link® (tolerance to

30    phosphinotricin, for example oilseed rape), IMI® (tolerance to imidazolinones) and STS® (tolerance to sulphonylureas, for example maize). Herbicide-resistant plants (plants bred in a conventional manner for herbicide tolerance) which may be

mentioned include the varieties sold under the name Clearfield® (for example maize). Of course, these statements also apply to plant cultivars having these or still-to-be-developed genetic traits, which plants will be developed and/or marketed in the future.

5

The plants listed can be treated according to the invention in a particularly advantageous manner with the active compound mixtures according to the invention. The preferred ranges stated above for the mixtures also apply to the treatment of these plants. Particular emphasis is given to the treatment of plants with the mixtures

10    specifically mentioned in the present text.


The good insecticidal and acaricidal action of the active compound combinations according to the invention can be seen from the examples which follow. While the individual active compounds show weaknesses in their action, the combinations

15    show an action which exceeds a simple sum of actions.


A synergistic effect in insecticides and acaricides is always present when the action of the active compound combinations exceeds the total of the actions of the active compounds when applied individually.

20

The expected action for a given combination of two active compounds can be calculated as follows, using "Colby's formula" (cf. S.R. Colby, "Calculating Synergistic and Antagonistic Responses of Herbicide Combinations", Weeds 1967, 15, 20-22):

25

If

X    is the kill rate, expressed as a percentage of the untreated control, when employing active compound A at an application rate of m. glha or in a

concentration of m. ppm,

30    y    is  the  kill  rate,  expressed  as  a percentage  of the  untreated  control,  when

employing  active  compound  B  at  an  application  rate  of n glha  or  in  a

concentration of !l ppm and
 

E    is the kill rate, expressed as a percentage of the untreated control, when employing active compounds A and B at application rates of m and n g/ha or in a concentration of m and n ppm,

then

X•Y
E=X + Y-
100
5

If the actual insecticidal kill rate exceeds the calculated value, the action of the combination is superadditive, i.e. a synergistic effect is present. In this case, the actually observed kill rate must exceed the value calculated using the above formula

10    for the expected kill rate (E).

Use Examples

In all use examples, the compound N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1-{ 2-methyl-4-[1 ,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }-

5    phthalamide of the formula (I) is referred to in short as "(1)".


Example A


Aphis gossypii test

10

Solvent:    7    parts by weight of dimethylformamide
Emulsifier:    2    parts by weight of alkylaryl polyglycol ether


To produce a suitable preparation of active compound,  1 part b:,  weight of active

15    compound is mixed with the stated amounts of solvent and emulsifier, and the concentrate is diluted with water to the desired concentrations.

Cotton leaves (Gossypium hirsutum) which are heavily infested by the cotton aphid

(Aphis gossypii) are treated by being dipped into the preparation of active compound

20    of the desired concentration.


After the desired period of time, the kill in % is determined. 100% means that all aphids have been killed; 0% means that none of the aphids have been killed. The determined kill rates are calculated using Colby's formula (see page 29).

25

In this test, for example, the following active compound combination according to the present application shows a synergistically enhanced activity, compared to the active compounds applied on their own:
 



- 32-



Table A

Plant-damaging insects

Aphis gossypii test

    Active compounds    Concentration of    KHI rate   
        active compound in    in% after 6d   
        ppm               
            found*        calc.**   
                       
                       
    thiacloprid    3    50           
                       
    (I)    500    0           
    thiacloprid +(I) (1:167)    3+500    80        50   
                       

*    found =activity found

**    calc.    =activity calculated using Colby's formula
 


Example B


Myzus test


5    Solvent:    7    parts by weight of dimethylformamide
    Emulsifier:    2    parts by weight of alkylaryl polyglycol ether


To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amounts of solvent and emulsifier, and the

10    concentrate is diluted with emulsifier-containing water to the desired concentration.


Cabbage leaves (Brassica oleracea) which are heavily infested by the green peach aphid (Myzus persicea) are treated by being dipped into the preparation of active compound of the desired concentration.

15

After the desired period of time, the kill in % is determined. 100% means that all aphids have been killed; 0% means that none of the aphids have been killed. The determined kill rates are calculated using Colby's formula (see page 29).

20    In this test, for example, the following active compound combination according to the present application shows a synergistically enhanced activity, compared to the active compounds applied on their own:

TableB

Plant-damaging insects

Myzus test

    Active compounds    Concentration of            Kill rate   
        active compound in        in% after d   
        ppm                           
                                       
                found*        calc.**        d***
                                       
    thiacloprid    3        60                        6
                                       
    (I)    500        0                        6
                                       
    thiacloprid +(I) (1: 167)    3 + 500        85            60            6
                                       
    clothianidin    0.6        60                        6
    (I)    500        0                        6
                                       
    clothianidin +(I) (1 :833)    0.6 + 500        98            60            6
                                       
    thiamethoxam    0.6        85                        1
                                       
    (I)    100        0                        1
                                       
    thiamethoxam +(I) (1:167)    0.6+ 100        90            85            1
                                       
    dinotefuran    3        15                        1
                                       
    (I)    100        0                        1
                                       
    dinotefuran +(I) (1:33)    3 + 100        35            15            1
                                       
*    found  =activity found

**    calc.   =activity calculated using Colby's formula

***    d =evaluation after the given number of days

    ExampleC   
    Phaedon larvae test   
5    Solvent:    7   parts by weight of dimethylforrnamide
    Emulsifier:    2   parts by weight of alkylaryl polyglycol ether


To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amounts of solvent and emulsifier, and the

10    concentrate is diluted with emulsifier-containing water to the desired concentration.


Cabbage leaves (Brassica oleracea) are treated by being dipped into the preparation of active compound of the desired concentration and are populated with larvae of the mustard beetle (Phaedon cochleariae) while the leaves are still moist.

15

After the desired period of time, the kill in % is determined. 100% means that all beetle larvae have been killed; 0% means that none of the beetle larvae have been killed. The determined kill rates are calculated using Colby's formula (see page 29).

20    In this test, for example, the following active compound combination according to the present application shows a synergistically enhanced activity, compared to the active compounds applied on their own:
 

TableC

Plant-damaging insects

Phaedon larvae test

    Active compounds    Concentration of        Kill rate                   
        active compound in    in% afterd                   
        ppm                                           
            found*                                   
                    calc.**        d***       
                                                   
    thiacloprid    I5    85                        6           
                                                   
    (I)    3    70                        6           
                                                   
    thiacloprid +(I) (5: I)    I5 + 3    IOO        95.5                6           
                                                   
    triflumuron    0.6    0                            6           
    (I)    O.I2    0                        6           
                                               
    triflumuron + (I) (5: 1)    0.6 + O.I2    70        0                6           
                                               
    thiamethoxarn    15    85                        3           
                                               
    (I)    3    60                        3           
                                               
    thiarnethoxarn + (I) (5: I)    I5 +3    IOO        94                3           
                                               
    emarnectin-benzoate    0.006    10                        6           
                                                   
    (I)    O.I2    0                        6           
                                               
    emarnectin-benzoate +(I) (I:20)    0.006 + 0.12    IOO        10                6           
    tlufenoxuron    3    0                        3           
                                               
    (I)    0.6    0                        3           
                                               
    flufenoxuron +(I) (5:I)    3 +0.6    95        0                3           
                                                   
    abarnectin    O.I2    25                        3           
                                               
                                               
    (I)    0.6    0                        3           
                                               
    abarnectin + (I) (I :5)    O.I2+ 0.6    80        25                3           
                                               
    indoxacarb    0.6    35                        3           
                                               
    (I)    O.I2    0                        3           
    indoxacarb +(I) (5:I)    0.6 + 0.12    IOO        35                3           
                                               
                                                   
*    found. ==activity found

**    calc.   ==activity calculated using Colby's formula

***    d ==evaluation after the given number of days

    ExampleD   
    Plutella test, resistant strain
5    Solvent:    7   parts by weight of dimethylformamide
    Emulsifier:    2   parts by weight of alkylaryl polyglycol ether
    To produce a suitable preparation of active compound,  I part by weight of active
    compound  is  mixed  with  the  stated  amounts  of solvent  and  emulsifier,  and  the
10    concentrate is diluted with emulsifier-containing water to the desired concentration.
    Cabbage leaves (Brassica oleracea) are treated by being dipped into the preparation
    of active compound of the desired concentration and are populated with caterpillars
    of the diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella, resistant strain) while the leaves are
I 5    still moist.   


After the desired period of time, the kill in % is determined. 100% means that all caterpillars have been killed; 0% means that none of the caterpillars have been killed. The determined kill rates are calculated using Colby's formula (see page 29).

20

In this test, for example, the following active compound combination according to the present application shows a synergistically enhanced activity, compared to the active compounds applied on their own:

TableD

Plant-damaging insects

Plutella test, resistant strain

    Active compounds    Concentration of        Kill rate           
        active compound in    in% after d           
        ppm                               
                                       
            found*        calc.**        d***       
                                       
    thiacloprid    3    5                    3       
                                       
    (I)    0.024    70                    3       
                                       
    thiacloprid +(I) (125:1)    3 + 0.024    100        71.5            3       
                                       
    triflumuron    3    0                    6       
    (I)    0.024    30                    6       
                                       
    triflumuron +(I) (125: 1)    3 + 0.024    75        30            6       
                                       
    (I)    0.02    30                    6       
                                       
                                       
    methox yfenozide    0.6    0                    6       
                                       
    (I)+ methoxyfenozide (1:30)    0.02 +0.6    50        30            6       
                                       
    thiamethoxam    3    0                    6       
                                       
    (I)    0.024    90                    6       
                                       
    thiamethoxam +(I) (125:1)    3 +0.024    95        90            6       
                                       
    emamectin-benzoate    0.00024    15                    6       
                                       
    (I)    0.0048    10                    6       
                                       
                                       
    emamectin-benzoate +(I) (1:20)    0.00024 + 0.0048    85        23.5            6       
                                       
                                       
    flufenoxuron    0.12    40                    6       
                                       
    (I)    0.0048    0                    6       
                                       
                                       
    flufenoxuron +(I) (25: 1)    0.12 + 0.0048    100        40            6       
    indoxacarb    0.12    50                    6       
                                       
    (I)    0.024    85                    6       
                                       
    indoxacarb +(I) (5:1)    0.12 + 0.024    100        92.5            6       
                                       
*    found  =activity found

**    calc.   =activity calculated using Colby's formula

***    d =evaluation after the given number of days
 
ExampleE


Plutella test, sensitive strain


5    Solvent:    7    parts by weight of dimethylformamide
    Emulsifier:    2    parts by weight of alkyl aryl polyglycol ether


To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amounts of solvent and emulsifier, and the

10    concentrate is diluted with emulsifier-containing water to the desired concentration.


Cabbage leaves (Brassica oleracea) are treated by being dipped into the preparation of active compound of the desired concentration and are populated with caterpillars of the diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella, sensitive strain) while the leaves are

15    still moist.


After the desired period of time, the kill in % is determined. 100% means that all caterpillars have been killed; 0% means that none of the caterpillars have been killed. The determined kill rates are calculated using Colby's formula (see page 29).

20

In this test, for example, the following active compound combination according to the present application shows a synergistically enhanced activity, compared to the active compounds applied on their own:
                                           
    Active compounds    Concentration of            Kill rate           
                    active compound in    in o/o after d           
                    ppm                           
                                               
                        found*        calc.**    d***       
    triflumuron    0.6    0                3       
                                               
    (I)    0.0048    0                3       
                                               
    triflumuron + (I) ( 125: 1)    0.6 +0.0048    100            0    3       
                                           
    (I)    0.0064    60                6       
    deltamethrin    0.00128    40                6       
                                           
    (I)+ deltamethrin (5: 1)    0.0064 + 0.00128    95            76    6       
                                           
    (I)    0.024    55                3       
                    0.12    65                       
    fipronil                        3       
                                   
    (I)+ fipronil (1:5)    0.024+ 0.12    100            84.25    3       
                                               
    emamectin-benzoate    0.00024    10                6       
                                       
    (I)    0.0048    25                6       
                                   
                                       
    emamectin-benzoate +(I) (1:20)    0.00024 + 0.0048    95            32.5    6       
    flufenoxuron    0.12    0                3       
                                   
                                       
    (I)    0.0048    0                3       
                                               
    flufenoxuron +(I) (25:1)    0.12 + 0.0048    85            0    3       
                                           
        abamectin    0.00096    35                3       
        (I)    0.0048    0                3       
                                           
        abamectin +(I) (1:5)    0.00096 + 0.0048    85            35    3       
                                           
        indoxacarb    0.024    0                3       
        (I)    0.0048    0                3       
        indoxacarb + (I) (5: 1)    0.024 + 0.0048    65            0    3       
                                           
        (I)    0.032    65                3       
                                               
        spinosad    0.0064    5                3       
                                       
        (I)+ spinosad (5:1)    0.032 + 0.0064    100            66.75    3       


*    found  = activity found

**    calc.   =activity calculated using Colby's formula

***    d =evaluation after the given  number of days

ExampleF


Heliothis armigera test


5    Solvent:    7    parts by weight of dimethylformamide
    Emulsifier:    2    parts by weight of alkyl aryl polyglycol ether


To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amounts of solvent and emulsifier, and the

10    concentrate is diluted with emulsifier-containing water to the desired concentration.


Soya:bean shoots (Glycine max) are treated by being dipped into the preparation of active compound of the desired concentration and are populated with Heliothis armigera caterpillars while the leaves are still moist.

15

After the desired period of time, the kill in  % is determined.  100% means that all

caterpillars have been killed; 0% means that none of the caterpillars have been killed.

The determined kiil rates are calculated using Colby's formula (see page 29).


20    In this test, for example, the following active compound combination according to the present application shows a synergistically enhanced activity, compared to the active compounds applied on their own:
 

TableF

Plant-damaging insects

Heliothis annigera test

        Active compounds    Concentration of        Kill rate       
            active compound in    in% after d       
            ppm                           
                                       
                found*            calc.**    d***   
                                       
        clothianidin    3    10                    3   
        <n    0.024    80                    3   
        clothianidin +(I) (125:1)    3 +0.024    90            82        3   
                                       
        triflumuron    15    0                    3   
                                       
        (I)    0.12    80                    3   
                                       
        triflumuron + <n (125:1)    15 +0.12    100            80        3   
        (I)    0.032    90                    4   
                                       
        deltamethrin    0.0064    10                    4   
        (I)+ deltamethrin (5:1)    0.032 + 0.0064    100            91        4   
                                       
        (I)    0.1    80                    3   
                                       
        methox yfenozide    3    50                    3   
                                       
        (I) + methoxyfenozide (1 :30)    0.1 + 3    100            90        3   
                                       
        (I)    0.024    70                    6   
        fipronil    0.12    10                    6   
                                       
        (I)+ fipronil (1:5)    0.024 +0.12    80            73        6   
                                       
        emamectin-benzoate    0.00024    0                    6   
                                       
                                       
        (I)    0.0048    10                    6   
        emamectin-benzoate + (D (1 :20)    0.00024 + 0.0048    100            10        6   
                                       
        flufenoxuron    0.12    15                    6   
                                       
        (I)    0.0048    15                    6   
                                       
                                       
        flufenoxuron +(I) (25:1)    0.12 + 0.0048    75            27.75        6   
                                       
        abamectin    0.0048    30                    6   
                                       
        (I)    0.024    70                    6   
                                       
        abamectin + (I) (1 :5)    0.0048 + 0.024    100        79        6   

TableF

Plant-damaging insects

Heliothis annigera test

                               
Active compounds    Concentration of        Kill rate       
        active compound in    in% after d       
        ppm                       
                               
            found*        calc.**        d***   
                           
indoxacarb    0.024    0                6   
(I)    0.0048    0                6   
                           
indoxacarb +(I) (5:1)    0.024 + 0.0048    50        0        6   
                               
*    found  = activity found

**    calc.   =activity calculated using Colby's formula

***    d =evaluation after the given number of days
 
ExampleG


Spodoptera frugiperda test


5    Solvent:    7    parts by weight of dimethylformamide
    Emulsifier:    2    parts by weight of alkyl aryl polyglycol ether


To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amounts of solvent and emulsifier, and the

10    concentrate is diluted with emulsifier-containing water to the desired concentration.


Cabbage leaves (Brassica oleracea) are treated by being dipped into the preparation of active compound of the desired concentration and are populated with caterpillars of the armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) while the leaves are still moist.

15

After the desired period of time, the kill in % is determined. 100% means that all caterpillars have been killed; 0% means that none of the caterpillars have been killed. The determined kill rates are calculated using Colby's formula (see page 29).

20    In this test, for example, the following active compound combination according to the present application shows a synergistically enhanced activity, compared to the active compounds applied on their own:
 
TableG

Plant-damaging insects

Spodoptera frugiperda test

                                                                   
    Active compounds    Concentration of        Kill rate                   
                active compound in    in% afterd                   
                ppm                                               
                        found*                                   
                                    calc.**    d***       
                                                                   
    triflumuron    0.12        5                            3           
                                                                   
        (I)    0.024        70                            3           
                                                                   
    triflumuron +(I) (5:1)    0.12 +0.024        85            71.5                3           
                                                                   
    ethiprole    20        10                            6           
                                                                   
        (I)    0.16        95                                6           
        ethiprole +(I) (125:1)    20 + 0.16        100            95.5                6           
                                                               
        (I)    0.16        70                            4           
                                                               
        deltamethrin    0.0064        0                            4           
                                                               
        (I)+ deltarnethrin (25:1)    0.16 + 0.0064        100            70                4           
                                                               
        <n    0.02        5                            6           
                                                           
        methoxyfenozide    0.6        5                            6           
                                                           
                                                                   
        (I) + methoxyfenozide (1 :30)    0.02 + 0.6        70            9.75                6           
                                                               
        (I)    0.12        50                            3           
                                                               
        fipronil    0.6        20                            3           
                                                               
        (I)+ fipronil (1:5)    0.12 + 0.6        80            60                3           
                                                               
        dinotefuran    3        40                            3           
                                                               
        (I)    0.024        35                            3           
                                                               
        dinotefuran +(I) (125:1)    3 +0.024        80            61                3           
                                                               
        emarnectin-benzoate    0.006        70                            3           
                                                                   
        (I)    0.12        30                            3           
                                                               
        emarnectin-benzoate +(I) (1:20)    0.006 +0.12        100            79                3           
                                                               
        abarnectin    3        25                            3           
                                                           
        (I)    0.12        35                            3           
        abarnectin + (I) (25: 1)    3 +0.12        100        51.25            3           
                                                   
                                                                   
TableG

Plant-damaging insects

Spodoptera frugiperda test

                               
    Active compounds    Concentration of        Kill rate   
            active compound in    in% after d   
            ppm                   
                               
                found*        calc.**        d***
                               
    indoxacarb    0.6    60                3
                               
    (I)    0.12    25                3
                               
    indoxacarb + (I) (5: 1)    0.6 +0.12    100        70        3
                               
    (I)    0.16    70                3
                               
    spinosad    0.032    35                3
                               
    (I)+ spinosad (5:1)    0.16 +0.032    100        80.5        3
                               

*    found  =activity found
**    calc.   =activity calculated using Colby's formula

***    d =evaluation after the given number of days

    ExampleH       
    Spodoptera exigua test   
5    Solvent:    7    parts by weight of dimethylformamide
    Emulsifier:    2    parts by weight of alkyl aryl polyglycol ether


To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amounts of solvent and emulsifier, and the
10    concentrate is diluted with emulsifier-containing water to the desired concentration.


Cabbage leaves (Brassica oleracea) are treated by being dipped into the preparation of active compound of the desired concentration and are populated with caterpillars of the armyworm (Spodoptera exigua) while the leaves are still moist.

15

After the desired period of time, the kill in % is determined. 100% means that all caterpillars have been killed; 0% means that none of the caterpillars have been killed. The determined kill rates are calculated using Colby's formula (see page 29).

20    In this test, for example, the following active compound combination according to the present application shows a synergistically enhanced activity, compared to the active compounds applied on their own:

TableR

Plant-damaging insects

Spodoptera exigua test

                                               
    Active compounds    Concentration of        Kill rate           
                    active compound in    in% after d           
                    ppm                           
                                               
                        found*        calc.**        d***       
                                               
    triflumuron    15    15                3       
                                               
    (I)    0.12    40                3       
                                           
    triflumuron +(I) (125:1)    15 + 0.12    100        49        3       
                                           
    (I)    0.032    10                4       
                                           
    deltamethrin    0.00128    0                4       
                                           
    (I)+ deltamethrin (25: 1)    0.032 + 0.00128    80        10        4       
    emamectin-benzoate    0.0012    20                6       
    (I)    0.024    40                6       
                                           
    emamectin-benzoate +(I) (1:20)    0.0012 + 0.024    100        52        6       
                                   
                                           
    flufenoxuron    0.6    0                3       
                                           
    (I)    0.12    40                3       
                                           
    flufenoxuron + (I) (5: 1)    0.6 + 0.12    100        40        3       
                                           
    abamectin    3    70                6       
                                               
    (I)    0.12    85                6       
                                   
                                       
    abamectin + (I) (25: 1)    3 + 0.12    100        95.5        6       
                                               
    indoxacarb    0.6    20                3       
                                   
                                   
    (I)    0.12    0                3       
                                   
    indoxacarb +(I) (5:1)    0.6 + 0.12    100        20        3       
                                               
*    found  = activity found

**    calc.   =activity calculated using Colby's formula

***    d =evaluation after the given number of days

    Example I   
    Critical concentration tesUsoil insects- treatment of transgenic plants
5    Test insect:    Diabrotica balteata - larvae in soil
    Solvent:    7 parts by weight of acetone
    Emulsifier:    1 part by weight of alkylaryl polyglycol ether


10    To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amount of solvent, the stated amount of emulsifier is added and the concentrate is diluted with water to the desired concentration.



15    The preparation of active compound is poured onto the soil. Here, the concentration of active compound in the preparation is virtually irrelevant; only the amount by weight of active compound per volume unit of soil, which is stated in ppm (mg/1) matters. 0.25 I pots are filled with the soil and allowed to stand at 20°C.

20    Immediately after preparation, 5 pre-germinated maize corns of the cultivar YIELD GUARD (trademark of Monsanto Comp., USA) are placed into each pot. After 2 days, the corresponding test insects are placed into the treated soil. After a further 7 days, the efficacy of the active compound is determined by counting the maize plants that have emerged (1 plant= 20% efficacy).

25

    ExampleK   
    Heliothis virescens test -treatment of transgenic plants
5    Solvent:    7 parts by weight of acetone
    Emulsifier:    1 part by weight of alkyl aryl polyglycol ether


To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amount of solvent and the stated amount of

10    emulsifier, and the concentrate is diluted with water to the desired concentration.


Soyabean shoots (Glycine max) of the cultivar Roundup Ready (trademark of Monsanto Comp. USA) are treated by being dipped into the preparation of active compound of the desired concentration and are populated with the tobacco bollworm

15    Heliothis virescens while the leaves are still moist.


After the desired period of time, the kill of the insects is determined.
 

1.    Compositions comprising mixtures of N2 -[1, 1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl]-3-iodo-N1- {2-methyl-4-[ 1 ,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl }phthalamide of the formula (I)
 
and at least one of the compounds listed below: triflumuron

flufenoxuron methoxyfenozide tebufenozide thiacloprid thiamethoxam dinotefuran clothianidin deltamethrin ethiprole fipronil indoxacarb

emamectin-benzoate abamectin

spinosad.


2.    Use of mixtures as defined in Claim 1 for controlling animal pests.


3.    Process for preparing insecticidal and acaricidal compositions, characterized in that mixtures as defined in Claim 1 are mixed with extenders and/or surfactants.
 

30
Active compound combinations having insecticidal and acaricidal properties
Abstract

The novel active compound combinations of N2-[1,1-dimethyl-2-(methylsulphonyl)ethyl ]-3-i odo-N1- { 2-methyl-4-[ 1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-( trifluoro-methyl)ethyl]phenyl)phthalamide of the formula <D and the active compounds 1 to 15 listed in the description have very good insecticidal and acaricidal properties.

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