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(11)Patent Number: 336
(45)Date of grant: 01/09/2009
(12)PATENT
(51)Int.C1.H:0 4Q7//38
(21)Application Number:   KE/P/2008/00706   
(84)WO No.    WO    2007/020513    Al
                        22/02/2007
(22) Filing Date: 14/08/2006
(31) Priority Number: 60/708,808 and 11/320,988    
(32)Date: 15/08/2005    and 28/12/2005
(33)Country:    US
(73) Owner(s): NOKIA CORPORATION of Keilalandentie 4, FIN-02150 Espoo, Finland
(72)Inventor(s)   SEBIRE, Benoist
(74) Agent/address for correspondence: Anjarwalla & Khanna Co. Advocates, P. 0. BOX 200-
00606,    Nairobi
(54) Title:  APPARATUS, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT TO
MAINTAIN USER EQUIPMENT SERVING GRANT AT CELL CHANGE.
(57) Abstract: A method includes storing a first Serving Grant (SG) value for use in a first serving cell, entering a second serving cell, receiving an information element from a higher layer, maintaining the first SG value if the information element does not include a second SG value, and changing the first SG value to the second SG value if the information element includes a second SG    value.
 
APPARATUS, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT TO
MAINTAIN USER EQUIPMENT SERVING GRANT AT CELL CHANGE
TECHNICAL    FIELD:
[0001]    The exemplary and non-limiting embodiments of this invention relate generally to wireless communication systems, apparatus and methods and, more specifically, relate to cellular wireless communication system techniques for enabling user equipment to change from one serving cell to another serving cell.
BACKGROUND:
[0002]    The following abbreviations  are defined  as follows:
DCH               Dedicated    Channel
DPDCH            Dedicated    Physical    Data    Channel
DPCCH           Dedicated    Physical    Control    Channel
EDCH            Enhanced     Uplink     DCH
E-DPDCH         Enhanced     DPDCH
E-RNTI            EDCH         RNTI
HARQ            Hybrid     Automatic     Repeat     Request
HSUPA            High         Speed         Uplink     Packet         Access
IE                Information     Element
MAC-e            Enhanced     Media         Access     Control
Node B            Network     Node, eg., a Base station
RNC            Radio         Network     Controller
RNTI            Radio         Network     Temporary     Identifier
RRC            Radio         Resource     Control
SG                Serving     Grant
UE                User         Equipment,    eg.,    a mobile terminal
 
[0003]    Of interest herein is the uplink DCH (EDCH) for
packet data traffic in, for example, Release 6 of 3GPP TS 25.309, 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; FDD Enhanced Uplink; Overall Description; Stage 2 (Release 6).
[0004]    In HSUPA, attempts at enhancements are
currently approached by distributing some of the packet scheduler functionality to the Node Bs to provide faster scheduling of bursty, non-real-time traffic than can be provided by the Layer 3 (L3, Network Layer) of the RNC. The principle animating this approach is that, with faster link adaptation, it is possible to more efficiently share the uplink power resource between packet data users. For example, when packets, have been transmitted from one user the scheduled resource can be made available immediately to another user. This technique attempts to avoid the peaked variability of noise rise, such as when high data rates are being allocated to users that are running bursty high data-rate applications.
[0005]   In the    current     architecture the packet scheduler is located in the RNC. As a result, the packet scheduler is limited in its ability to adapt to the instantaneous traffic due at least in part to bandwidth constraints on the RRC signaling interface between the RNC and the UE. Hence, to accommodate the variability, the packet scheduler must be conservative in allocating uplink power to take into account the influence from inactive users in the following scheduling period. However, this solution has been found to be spectrally inefficient for high allocated data-rates and long release timer    values.
 
[0006]   With    EDCH,    much    of the packet    scheduler functionality is transferred to the Node B, i.e., there is a Node B scheduler that takes care of allocating uplink resources, including controlling the    SG of the UE.
[0007]   Each time the UE enters a new cell, it receives the SG either from the RNC through RRC signaling, or from the serving Node B via Layer 2 (L2, data link layer) signaling (absolute grant channel).
[0008]   However, when the UE moves from one cell to another there is no simple means for the SG to be maintained. This makes service continuity difficult and limits the HSUPA in its ability to efficiently support services with guaranteed bit rates.
 [0009]   Further, from the received data the    RNC can assess the value of the scheduled grant and, when the cell is changed, it can include that value in the RRC signaling. However, since the SG is given in terms of maximum E-DPDCH to DPCCH power ratio that the UE is allowed to use for scheduled data, such an assessment is not straightforward for the RNC and may be subject to large error.- In other words, it is difficult for the RNC to assess the value of the SG being used by the serving cell and, consequently, it is also difficult for RNC to Maintain the correct value of the SG during a cell change.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
[0010]   In accordance with an exemplary embodiment of the invention, a method includes storing a first Serving Grant (SG) value for use in a first serving cell, entering a second serving cell, receiving an information element from a higher layer, maintaining the, first SG value if the information element does not include a second SG value, and changing the first SG value to the second SG value if the information element includes a second SG value.
[0011]   In accordance  with    another     exemplary embodiment of the invention, a mobile terminal includes a memory for storing a first Serving Grant (SG) value when the mobile terminal is within a first serving cell, a means for receiving an information element from a higher layer upon entering a second serving cell, a means for determining if the information element includes a second SG value, a means for maintaining the first SG value if the information element does not include a second SG value, and a means for changing the first SG value to the second SG value if the information element comprises a second SG value.
[0012]   In accordance with another exemplary embodiment  of the invention, a program of machine-readable instructions, tangibly embodied on an information bearing medium and executable by a digital data processor, performs actions directed toward establishing a Serving Grant (SG), wherein the actions include storing a first Serving Grant (SG) value for use in a first serving cell, receiving an information element from a higher layer upon entering a second serving cell, determining if the information element includes a second SG value, maintaining the first SG value if the information element does not comprise a second SG value, and changing the first SG value to the second SG value if the information element includes a second SG value.
 
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
[0013].    In the attached Drawing Figures:
[0014]   Figure 1 shows a simplified block diagram of various electronic devices that are suitable for use in practicing the exemplary embodiments of this invention.
[0015]   Figures 2A-2B, collectively referred to herein as 'Figure 2, illustrate an exemplary embodiment of the E-DPDCH of the invention; and
[0016]   Figure 3 is a`    logic flow diagram that illustrates UE operation at cell change in accordance with exemplary embodiments of this invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION
[0017]   The exemplary embodiments of this invention
relate at least in part to providing an enhancement of the uplink DCH (EDCH) for packet data traffic in, for example, Release 6 of 3GPP TS 25.309, 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; FDD Enhanced Uplink; Overall Description; Stage 2 (Release    6).
[0018]   Reference is made first to Figure 1 for illustrating a simplified block diagram of various electronic devices that are suitable for use in practicing the exemplary embodiments of this invention. In Figure 1 a wireless network 1 includes a UE 10, a Node B (base station) 12 and a RNC 14. The UE 10 includes a data processor (DP) 10A, a memory (MEM) 10B that stores a program (FROG) 10C, and a suitable radio frequency (RF) transceiver 10D for bidirectional wireless communications with the Node B 12, which also includes a DP 12A, a MEM 12B that stores a PROG 12C, and a suitable RF transceiver 12D. The Node B 12 is coupled via a data path 13 to the RNC 14 that also includes a DP 14A and a MEM 14B storing an associated PROG 14C. The PROGs 10C, 12C and 14C are assumed to include program instructions that, when executed by the associated DP, enable the electronic device to operate in accordance with the exemplary embodiments of this invention, as will be discussed below in greater detail. As shown in Figure 1, the Uu interface
is the interface between the UTRAN and the UE, while the Iu is the interconnection point between the RNC or a BSC' (Base Station Controller) and 3G (Third Generation) Core-network (CN)
[0019]   In general, the various embodiments of the-UE 10 can include, but are not limited to, cellular telephones, personal digital assistants (PDAs) having wireless communication capabilities, portable computers having wireless communication capabilities, image capture devices such as digital cameras having wireless communication capabilities, gaming devices having wireless communication capabilities, music storage and playback appliances having wireless communication capabilities, Internet appliances permitting wireless Internet access and browsing, as well as portable units or terminals that incorporate combinations of  such functions.
[0020]   The embodiments of this invention may be implemented by computer software executable by the DP 10A of the UE 10 and the other DPs, or by hardware, or by a combination of software and hardware.
 
[0021]   The MEMs 10B, 12B and 14B may be of any type suitable to the local technical environment and may be implemented using any suitable data storage technology, such as semiconductor-based memory devices, magnetic memory devices and systems, optical memory devices and systems, fixed memory and removable memory. The DPs 10A, 12A and 14A may be of any type suitable to the local technical environment, and may include one or more of general purpose computers, special purpose computers, microprocessors, digital signal processors (DSPs) and processors based on multi-core processor architecture, as non-limiting examples.
[0022]-:   There is now described in further    detail    exemplary embodiments of this invention whereby the SG value of a UE is determined when the UE experiences a cell change. In one such embodiment, when engaging in .RRC signaling, the Serving Grant information element (IE) is made optional in the E-DPDCH information element and when the SG IE is not present, the UE 10 maintains- the -same SG that it was using before the cell change. In an alternative embodiment, the SG is also made optional when scheduling E-DCH Cell Information.
[0023]   Figure 2 illustrates an exemplary embodiment of the E-DPDCH Info and the Serving Grant information element (IE) of most interest to this invention is found in Figure 2B. It is this IE that is made optional in accordance with the exemplary embodiments of this invention and is designated as such by a "Need" attribute of OP (for "Optional"). When a UE 10 experiences a EDCH serving cell change, the higher layer in communication with the UE 10 configures a MAC-e with-the SG value to use in the new cell and indicates if the UE 10 should monitor Absolute Grant Messages with its secondary E-RNTI
More specifically, the higher layer indicates which E¬RNTI the UE should monitor when entering the new cell, the primary or secondary E-RNTI. As used herein, "higher layer" refers to an entity in communication with the UE including, but not limited to, a Node B and a RNC.
[0024]   With    reference to Figure 3,    there    is illustrated a flow chart of an exemplary embodiment of a method of the invention. In the event of a cell change, the UE 10 activates all required  HARQ processes (Step A).
UE 10 proceeds to make a determination if the IE Serving Grant is included in the received higher layer signaling (Step B). Forms of such higher layer signaling include, but are not limited to, RRC signaling and signaling performed via a L2 data link layer. If an IE Serving Grant is included in the higher level signaling, the UE 10 accepts the value indicated and enters the new cell with the indicated SG value (Step C). Specifically, the UE's 10 Serving_Grant and Primary_Grant_Available state variables are set to the values provided by the higher layers.
[0025]   However, if the IE Serving Grant is    not included in the higher layer signaling, the current SG not changed and the UE enters the new cell with the same SG it was using in the old cell (Step D). Specifically, the UE 10 continues to operate using the values previously stored in the Serving Grant and Primary_GrantAvailable state variables.
[0026]   In either case (Step C or Step D), the UE 10
proceeds to initialize the state variable Stored_Secondary_Grant to "Zero_Grant".
[0027]   At initial access, if the Serving Grant IE is
not present a default value may be used for the SG, such as Minimum Grant or Zero_Grant. Alternatively, and since the RRC controls the initial access, it may always include a value for the Serving Grant IE, such as one equal to Minimum Grant or Zero_Grant.
[0028]   In an exemplary embodiment of the invention, it
is noted that a UE 10 can change cells within the same Node B. In such an instance, both the old and new serving cell are capable of sharing data internally.  In such an instance, the two serving cells are able to exchange relevant SG information concerning a UE 10 switching from one cell to another without the need to engage in a change of the UE's 10 present SG value.
[0029]   Based     on the    foregoing it should be    apparent that the exemplary embodiments of this invention provide a method, apparatus and computer program product(s) to determine at a cell change if a Serving Grant is specified for the UE, and if it is to use the specified SG value, and if it is not to use a current value of the SG when entering the new cell.
[0030]   In general, the various embodiments may be implemented in hardware or special purpose circuits, software, logic or any combination thereof. For example, some aspects may be implemented in hardware, while other aspects may be implemented in firmware or software which may be executed by a controller, microprocessor or other computing device, although the invention is not limited thereto. While various aspects of the invention may be illustrated and described as block diagrams, flow charts, or using some other pictorial representation, it is well understood that these blocks, apparatus, systems, techniques or methods described herein may be implemented in, as non-limiting examples, hardware, software, firmware, special purpose circuits or logic, general purpose hardware or controller or other computing devices, or some combination thereof.
[0031]   Embodiments of the inventions may be practiced in various components such as integrated circuit modules. The design of integrated circuits is by and large a highly automated process-. Complex and powerful software tools are available for converting a logic level design into a semiconductor circuit design ready to be etched and formed on a semiconductor substrate.
[0032]   Programs, such as those provided by Synopsys, Inc. of Mountain View, California and Cadence Design, of San Jose, California automatically route conductors and locate components on a semiconductor chip using well established rules of design as well as libraries of pre-stored design modules. Once the design for a semiconductor circuit has been completed, the resultant design, in a standardized electronic format (e.g., Opus, GDSII, or the like) may be transmitted to a semiconductor fabrication facility or "fab" for fabrication.
 [0033]   Various modifications and adaptations may become apparent to those skilled in the relevant arts in view of the foregoing description, when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. However, any and all modifications of the teachings of this invention will still fall within the scope of the non-limiting embodiments of this invention.
[0034]   Furthermore,    some of the features of the various non-limiting embodiments of this invention may be used to advantage without the corresponding use of other features. As such, the foregoing description should be considered as merely illustrative of the principles, teachings and exemplary embodiments of this invention, and not in limitation thereof.

CLAIMS
What is claimed is:
1.   A    method     comprising:
storing a first Serving Grant (SG) value for use in a first serving cell;
receiving an information element from a higher layer
during transition to a second serving cell;
maintaining said first SG value if said information element does not comprise a second SG value; and
changing said first SG value to said second SG value if said information element comprises a second SG value.
2.    The method of claim 1 wherein said receiving comprises receiving said information element from a Radio Network Controller (RNC).
3.    The method of claim 2 wherein said information element is received via Radio Resource Control (RRC) signaling.
4.    The method of claim 1 wherein said receiving comprises receiving said information element from a Node B.
5.    The method of claim 4 comprising receiving said information element via Radio Resource Control (RRC) signaling.
6.   A mobile terminal comprising:
a memory for storing a first Serving Grant (SG) value when said mobile terminal is within a
first serving cell;
means for receiving an information element from a higher layer during transition to a.second serving cell;
means for determining if said information element comprises a second SG value;
means for maintaining said first SG value if said information element does not comprise a second SG value; and
means for changing said first SG value to said second SG value if said information element comprises a second SG value.
7.    The mobile terminal of claim 6 wherein said means for receiving comprises a radio frequency transceiver, and said means for determining, said means for maintaining, and said means for changing comprise a data processor.
8.    The mobile terminal of claim 6 wherein said higher layer comprises a Radio Network Controller (RNC).
9.    The mobile terminal of claim 8 wherein said RNC communicates with said mobile terminal via Radio Resource Control (RRC) signaling.
10.    The mobile terminal of claim 6 wherein said higher layer comprises a Node B.
11.    A program of machine-readable instructions, tangibly embodied on an information bearing medium and executable by a digital data processor, to perform actions directed toward establishing a Serving Grant (SG), the actions comprising:
storing a first Serving Grant (SG) value for use in  a    first serving cell; receiving an information element from a higher layer  during transition to a second serving cell;
,determining if said information element comprises a second SG value;
maintaining said first SG value if said information element does not comprise a second SG value; and
changing said first SG value to said second SG value if said information element comprises a second SG value.
12.    The program of claim 11 wherein said receiving comprises receiving said information element from a Radio Network Controller (RNC).
13.    The program of claim 12 wherein said information element is received via Radio Resource Control (RRC) signaling.
14.    The program of claim 11 wherein said receiving comprises receiving said information element from a Node B.
 
                                                            ABSTRACT
A method includes storing a first Serving Grant (SG) value for use in a first serving cell, entering a second serving cell, receiving an information element from a higher layer, maintaining the first SG value if the information element does not include a second SG value, and changing the first SG value to the second SG value if the information element includes a second SG value.

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