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(11) Patent Number: KE 199
(45) Date of grant: 08/02/2006
(51) Int.Cl.7: C 04B 41/63
(21) Application Number: 2001/2001
(22) Filling date: 25/10/2001
(30) Priority data: PD2000A000259 17/11/2000 IT
(87) PCT details: WO 02/40425 23/05/2002
(54) Title: WATERPROOFING PASTE
(73) Owner: ISOLCEM ITALIA S.R.L., VIA DELL'ARTIGIANATO, 13, 1-35010 LOREGGIA, Italy
(72) Inventor: MASON, MAURIZIO
(74) Agent/address for correspondence: Waruinge & Waruinge Advocates, P.O. Box 72304 - 00200,
The paste is based on air-polymerisable resins (6), generally acrylic resins with an aqueous vehicle, loaded with plastic grains (7). The paste is to be spread in particular on wall surfaces (1) of foundations, to form a waterproofing, protecting and shock-resistant resilient sheath (2). The paste can be applied to certain thickness to get consistency and to undergo no trickling. The paste does not contain any kind of solvent, apart from water, and thus it is ecological.
The present invention concerns a waterproofing paste, in particular for coating wall surfaces in foundations.
It is known that, in building industry, the foundation walls against which the surrounding ground is leant are protected, before the filling up, from the direct contact with ground to prevent said walls from being affected by humidity or water possibly impregnating the ground.
To this aim, waterproof films or sheaths adhering to the walls are provided, or paints or varnishes creating a waterproof film are applied on said walls.
In both cases, the protection must exhibit no discontinuity, since any interstice, even of small size, or any more or less diffused 15 porosity would make the intervention useless.
In the first case, in which films or sheaths are used, apart from the costs of the films or sheaths themselves, the problem arises of the costs needed for their application and/or their maintenance in position before the filling up. Moreover, also the additional costs for the measures to be taken to ensure continuity between the different parts positioned with adjoining or superimposed ends should be included.
In the second case, in which paints or varnishes are used, the coating must be applied as a single-film layer to prevent trickling.
Thus, -a plurality of subsequent coats is needed for a complete covering. The system is expensive because labour cost doubles or triples if two or three coats are required. The costs to be incurred moreover depend on the amount of material being applied.
The final thickness is limited to the sum of the thicknesses of the individual films applied.
Another problem that is decisive for the good quality of the interventions is related with the ability of the protecting materials (films, sheaths, and paint or varnish layers) to resist to deterioration that could result in discontinuities upon the filling up.
It is known that, at present, filling up near foundations is carried out by mechanical means and that the filling material is not soft soil, free from foreign bodies, but it consists of the previously removed earth combined with greater or smaller amounts of brick fragments, concrete pieces resulting from demolitions and so on.
Thus, to ensure that no damage occurs to the protecting materials applied to the walls, panels (such as polystyrene panels or the like) should be applied before the filling up to prevent contact of said protecting materials with the filling materials. Moreover, hard components of bigger or lesser size and with more or less sharp edges should be removed. It is easy to understand how this could be expensive.
The above drawbacks are obviated by using the paste according to the present invention, which is based on polyinerisable resins loaded with plastic grains.
The paste has a mortar-like consistency, it may be applied by means of a spatula or a trowel and it does not trickle along the 20 surfaces of vertical walls.
The paste consists of suitable acrylic resins, generally with all aqueous vehicle end with a single component, that can become' polymerised in air and are mixed with plasticising resins generally of monomer type, and plastic grains, such as PVC or rubber grains or the like, are dispersed therein.
The grain load (the amount of which is variable and preferably is in the range 5% to 80%) is determined every time depending on the requirements of the individual cases.
The paste is applied in a thick layer on the walls to be coated, 30 and a self-levelling continuity is obtained even where the anchoring surface has irregularities of any kind.
The anchoring does not require any primer, provided however that friable or powder portions as well as non-anchored foreign bodies are removed.
If necessary, several layers of the paste made in accordance with the invention could be applied.
When polymerisation is complete, the applied paste forms a continuous waterproof sheath with high resistance to tensile stresses and to breaking and with a good degree of flexibility. It can be said that the sheath forms an "overcoat' protection in respect of the surfaces to which it is applied.
As described above, the elastic sheath is manufactured with rather limited costs as far as both the material (notwithstanding the relatively great thicknesses) and the labour are concerned.
A decisive factor is that, when using said sheath according to the invention, the filling up could take place without need for excessive precautions and expedients, so that the costs of the filling up lie within the normal range.
The invention is shown by way of example in the accompanying drawings, in which: .
- Fig. 1 schematically shows a portion of a wall structure, having applied thereto the waterproofing paste of the invention, before the filling up;
- Fig. 2 schematically shows detail Y of Fig. 1 in enlarged scale; and - Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 1, showing the coated wall structure after the filling up.
Referring to the drawings, there is shown a part of building foundations or the like, where a wall structure 1 is coated with a waterproof coating 2 made of the paste according to the invention. As shown in Fig. 2, coating 2 comprises a matrix 6 obtained from air-polymerisable resins, in particular acrylic resins, in which grains 7 are dispersed. Preferably said grains are plastic grains.
The paste for coating 2 is applied with a certain advance with respect to the fitting up, in order it is completely polymerised when filling up takes place. The paste is moreover applied to a substantial thickness and it penetrates into recesses 5 of wall 1, thereby forming a self-levelling coaling.
During the filling up, space 4 between coated wall structure 1 and surrounding ground 3 is filled with earth material 8 into which pieces 9 of hard and sharp-cornered materials (e. g. brick or concrete fragments) are embodied. During filling up, said pieces 9 of hard and sharp-cornered materials may arrive in contact with waterproofing coating 2 on wall 1, as shown at locations 10.
Yet the contact does not give rise to discontinuity or abrasion or tearing in waterproofing paste 2, as clearly shown in Fig. 3. An essential feature of waterproofing paste 2 according to the invention is just its ability to resist to such hard and sharp-cornered materials.
It is clear that the above description is given only by way of non-limiting example and that any other solution, even representing an improvement, which a skilled in the art can put in practice when using the teaching of the invention, is included in the scope of the invention.
Thus for instance, the paste made in accordance with the invention can be used not only for forming waterproof coating on walls in foundations, whether subjected to filling up or not, but it can be used also for coating of surfaces in general, not only in masonry but also wooden or metallic or plastic surfaces. The paste could act also as a plaster or a paint. In such case it might have any of a wide variety of colours, and this is achieved by a suitable choice of the resins and by the possible addition of pigments.
Amended Patent Claims
1. A waterproofing paste comprising:
polymerisable acrylic resins (6) using an aqueous solvent and being polymerisable in air,
plasticising resins for increasing the paste density, said plasticising resins using an aqueous solvent, said polymerisable resins (6) and plasticising resins being loaded with both plastic grains (7) and non-plastic grains.
2. A waterproofing paste as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that said plasticising resins are generally of monomer type.
3. A waterproofing paste as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that said plastic grains (7) are PVC or rubber grains.
4. A waterproofing paste as claimed in claim 1 or 3, characterised in that said plastic grains (7) are included in a percentage in the 15 range 5% to 80%.
5. A waterproofing paste as claimed in any preceding claim, characterised in that, once resin polymerisation is complete, it forms a resilient sheath that is resistant to tensile stresses, shocks, abrasion and tearing.
6. A waterproofing paste as claimed in any preceding claim, characterised in that it is a coloured paste.
7. A waterproofing paste as claimed in claim 6, characterised in that it includes coloured resins (6) and/or pigments added to the resins (6).
8. A method for coating wall surfaces (1) in, building foundations, before filling up, comprising the steps of: providing polymerisable acrylic resins (6) using an aqueous solvent and being polymerisable in air; providing plasticising resins for increasing the paste density, said plasticising resins using an aqueous solvent; providing an amount of plastic grains (7);
providing an amount of non-plastic grains; loading and mixing said polymerisable resins (6) and said plasticising resins with both said plastic grains (7) and said non-plastic grains, thus obtaining a paste having a mortar-like consistency; covering said wall surfaces (1) in building foundations by applying said paste by means of a spatula or a trowel; letting said paste applied on said wall surfaces (1) to become polymerised in air, thus obtaining a continuous waterproof sheath having high resistance to tensile stresses and breakings as well as good flexibility