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Safaricom & Internet Traffic Tampering

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Patent Drafting Course - Register Now

We have introduced a 3 month course facilitated on an e-learning platform. This course aims to introduce IP professionals to the skills of patent drafting and prosecution. Register here.

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Research Assistant Innovation Platform

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Kenya National Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Master Plan 2013/14 -2017/18 is an ambitious undertaking, poised to cement Kenya’s position as Africa’s leading ICT Hub.

The fact it is a part of, and derives strength from, the 2006 National Information and Communications Technology Policy (policy) demonstrates the policy is responsive to domestic and global developments. Since its adoption, it has provided a normative framework through which the Kenyan ICT sector has hugely contributed to the country’s economic growth.

Most noticeable has been the growth in mobile commerce, with more than two-thirds of the adult population engaging in it, making Kenya the world leader in mobile payments. 

Although Kenya has come a long way in introducing liberal market reforms that have immensely benefited the technology sector, policy challenges remain. Just like most major economies, such as China, the government has actively promoted and supported the development of technologies that bolster the horizontal flow of information, but at the same time, has devoted substantial efforts to control the substance of information flowing via these technologies. Kenya, therefore, needs to introduce a number of policy reforms, key among which is addressing the current policy disjuncture between the policy’s liberal values on the one hand and the draconian and media national security laws.


Please see full publication here, (from page 61) in the Harvard Africa Policy Journal from the Harvard Kennedy School of Government.

Technical research conducted on several Internet service providers in Kenya for the last ten months between June 2016 and March 2017 indicates the presence of a middle-box on the cellular network of one provider, Safaricom Limited. Middle-boxes assume dual-use character in that they can be used for legitimate functions (e.g., network optimisation) and can simultaneously be used for traffic manipulation, surveillance and aiding censorship. 

In light of such dual uses, this report makes clear that service providers operating middle-boxes must communicate to the public in a transparent manner the justification for such activity. This is especially relevant as government bodies announce plans to monitor the Internet during Kenya’s current electoral processes.

This brief presents the methodology we use to detect middle-boxes, illustrates how that methodology was applied on Kenyan networks as well as our findings from the ten months investigations. Finally, we contextualization these findings within the Kenyan political and legal processes.

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Events Calender

  • CopyrightX: Go Down Week 1:  The Foundations of Copyright Law presented by Victor Nzomo
  • CopyrightX: Go Down Week 2: Fairness and Personality Theories 
  • CopyrightX: Go Down Week 3: The Subject Matter of Copyright
  • CopyrightX: Go Down Week 4: Welfare Theory
  • CopyrightX: Go Down Week 5: Authorship
  • CopyrightX: Go Down Week 6: The Mechanics of Copyright
  • CopyrightX: Go Down Week 7: The Rights to Reproduce and Modify
  • CopyrightX: Go Down Week 8: The Rights to Distribute, Perform and Display
  • CopyrightX: Go Down Week 9: Fair Use
  • Intellectual Property Laws Seminar hosted by LSK on 21st April 2017:  "Patent Practice" by Dr. Rutenberg

  • CopyrightX: Go Down Week 10: Cultural Theory
  • CopyrightX: Go Down Week 11: Supplements to Copyrigt: Secondary Liability and Para-Copyright
  • CopyrightX: Go Down Week 12: Remedies
  • USIU-AFRICA Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy Dissemination Workshop hosted by USIU on 9th and 10th May 2017. Dr. Rutenberg presented on “Administration, marketing, commercialization and licensing of Intellectual Property"
  •  Second Maendeleo Policy Forum (MPF) in Kenya on 12 June 2017 at the KICC in Nairobi, Kenya. CIPIT will be on panel for the topic “Threats of cyberattacks to election security around the world and in Kenya in particular.”  
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The African Union Convention on Cyber Security and Private Data Processing.

The project involves tracking the legal and political processes in the drafting, adoption and ratification of the AU Convention on e-Commerce, Data Processing and Cybersecurity. We have shared our research and recommendations with the African Union Secretariat, Member States and relevant actors in the ICT ecosystem in Africa on how the Convention can balance between security and liberty.


National Security Practice and Internet Freedom in Eastern Africa

The project, a part of the Information Controls Fellowship program of the Open Technology Fund, seeks to understand the role, if any, of National Security Agencies in limiting or promoting Internet Freedom in South Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya. It investigates the practices of security agencies in these countries from a conceptual construction of national security and the meaning this brings to what is legal or not.


Reframing Local Knowledge: ICTs, State-building, and Peace building in Eastern Africa.

This project seeks to bring greater clarity about the expectations and the realities of the use of communication technologies in developing contexts. It explores the use of ICTs in Eastern Africa at the macro level by examining how norms and practices in the field of ICT which have emerged internationally are adopted, resisted or reshaped at the local level and at the micro level, by exploring how the practices and policies promoted at the international and national level actually compare to the uses citizens make of ICTs.

Our partners include:

  • Google
  • Open Technology Fund (OTF)
  • iHub
  • KICTANet
  • Internet Society (ISOC)

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For entrepreneurs, individual inventors and startups; CIPIT offers free consultations to discuss your Intellectual Property, protect their Intellectual Property and navigate the complicated aspects of IP.

CIPIT takes you through the different forms of IP and advises on the most appropriate protection for your invention.

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